Use this URL to cite or link to this record in EThOS:
Title: Helping agricultural pollination & bees in farmland
Author: Balfour, Nicholas James
ISNI:       0000 0004 5914 9176
Awarding Body: University of Sussex
Current Institution: University of Sussex
Date of Award: 2016
Availability of Full Text:
Access through EThOS:
Full text unavailable from EThOS. Please try the link below.
Access through Institution:
Previous research has shown that bees are vital to crop pollination. However, modern agricultural practices are occupying an increasing share of the world's land area and have been heavily linked to declining bee populations. This thesis explores: i) the foraging behaviour of the honey bee (Apis mellifera) and its influence on crop pollination, and ii) the impact of current farmland management on bees and other flower visiting insects. Chapter 3 demonstrates, via waggle dance decoding, that the majority of honey bee foraging was outside the orchards in which our hives were located, and that oilseed rape (Brassica napus) is a significant competitor to orchard flowers for honey bee visits. Chapter 4 indicates that competitive interactions between honey bees and wild pollinators can influence honey bee flower choice, foraging behaviour and, potentially, their cross-pollination services. Chapter 5 presents a survey of an area of agri-environmental farmland previously identified as a foraging 'hotspot' via waggle dance decoding. The data show that the five plant species with the most flower visitors were agricultural weeds, and that the abundance of flowers was a key determinant of flower visitor abundance. Chapter 6 suggests that the proximity of honey bees to neonicotinoid (thiamethoxam) seed-treated oilseed rape has little impact on their long-term colony performance. Chapter 7 shows that larger mature seed-treated plants have higher neonicotinoid residues in two widely grown crops: oilseed rape and maize (Zea mays). Chapter 8 implies that the performance and reproduction of bumble bee colonies in an agricultural landscape is similar whether located adjacent to or distant from fields of thiamethoxam seed-treated OSR.
Supervisor: Not available Sponsor: Not available
Qualification Name: Thesis (Ph.D.) Qualification Level: Doctoral
EThOS ID:  DOI: Not available
Keywords: QK0926 Reproductive interrelation. Pollination