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Title: Holland House and Portugal 1793-1840
Author: Sousa, Jose Francisco Baptista de
ISNI:       0000 0004 5924 2370
Awarding Body: University of Buckingham
Current Institution: University of Buckingham
Date of Award: 2015
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This thesis, which focusses on the relationship between Lord Holland and Portugal, investigates aspects of political, diplomatic and cultural history. It covers the period between 1793 and 1840 and traces the evolution of Holland's views on Portugal from the time of his first visit to Spain to his later contribution to the establishment of a constitutional regime in Portugal. Particular attention is given to the Hollands' visits to Portugal in 1804-5 and 1808-9. Their journals and correspondence reveal their impressions of the people, culture and history of Portugal. On their travels, they met a number of prominent Portuguese, notably Palmela, who were to remain in contact with Holland House - especially during periods of exile - for many years into the future. The Portuguese journeys and the continuing contact with people like Palmela were to play an important part in the development of Lord Holland's views, not only on Portugal but also on broader political and constitutional issues. Thus the thesis investigates Lord Holland's influence on ' the establishment of a constitutional regime in Spain in 1809-10 and - indirectly and unintentionally - in Portugal in 1820-23, It includes a study of Holland's contribution to the settlement of a government in Brazil in 1808 - that is at the time the Bragancas moved from Portugal to Rio de Janeiro - and his indirect influence on the establishment of the United Kingdom of Portugal, Brazil and the Algarves in 1815, as well as his role in the abolition of the Atlantic Slave Trade and the effects of abolition on Anglo-Portuguese relations. Lord Holland's contribution to the establishment of a Liberal regime in Portugal in 1834 is examined at some length. It includes a study of the extent of Holland's support for the Portuguese Liberal Cause after Dom Miguel's usurpation of the throne in 1828 and of his subsequent role in the 'Liberal invasion' of Portugal. To this end it investigates relations between Portuguese emigres and the Holland House Circle, Holland's role in the triangular diplomacy between Lisbon, St James and South Audley Street in 1828 and later. Finally, it considers Holland's contribution to the end of the Portuguese Civil War in 1834 and to the subsequent establishment of a constitutional regime in that country.
Supervisor: Not available Sponsor: Not available
Qualification Name: Thesis (Ph.D.) Qualification Level: Doctoral
EThOS ID:  DOI: Not available
Keywords: Portugal, History, 19th Century, Henry Richard Vassall Fox