Use this URL to cite or link to this record in EThOS: http://ethos.bl.uk/OrderDetails.do?uin=uk.bl.ethos.682106
Title: Surface plasmon emission and dynamics in active planar media
Author: Page, Adam Freddie
Awarding Body: Imperial College London
Current Institution: Imperial College London
Date of Award: 2015
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Abstract:
By reducing the number of dimensions that light can propagate in from three to two, control over the properties of propagation can be achieved. The plasmonic modes of planar metal-dielectric heterostructures will confine light in one dimension, enhancing the electromagnetic fields within the structure. This thesis focuses on two particular aspects of active nanoplasmonics in planar systems, stopped light lasing and plasmons with gain in nonequilibrium graphene. For stopped-light lasing, a plasmonic waveguide mode is designed to have two points of zero group velocity in a narrow frequency range, in order to increase the local density of optical states that a gain medium can emit into. The two stopped light points form a band of slow light that supports a wide range of wavevectors, allowing localisation over a sub-wavelength gain medium and providing the feedback required for lasing. This results in a new type of laser that does not rely on predefined cavity modes, in fact is cavity-free in 2D, dynamically forming its lasing mode about a locally pumped region of carrier inversion. Graphene, a single-atom thick semimetal, provides the ultimate miniaturisation as a truly 2D material. It is shown that graphene can support plasmons with gain, under realistic conditions of collision loss, temperature, doping, and carrier relaxation via amplified spontaneous emission. This is made possible by developing a scheme to evaluate polarisabilities for nonequilibrium carrier distributions, allowing the calculation of the exact RPA complex-frequency plasmon dispersion solutions. The rates of spontaneous emission are calculated and are critically dependant on the exact dispersion relation. The instantaneous rates are found to be 5 times faster than previously reported and, when coupled with phonons, lead to carrier relaxations on 100 fs timescales. The polarisability and relaxation rates must form the basis of any active graphene device, where electromagnetic energy is coupled to an evolving electronic system.
Supervisor: Hess, Ortwin Sponsor: Engineering and Physical Sciences Research Council
Qualification Name: Thesis (Ph.D.) Qualification Level: Doctoral
EThOS ID: uk.bl.ethos.682106  DOI: Not available
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