Use this URL to cite or link to this record in EThOS:
Title: Hydrocracking reaction pathways of 1-methylnaphthalene in a continous fixed-bed reactor
Author: Sivena, Anastassia
ISNI:       0000 0004 5922 7103
Awarding Body: Imperial College London
Current Institution: Imperial College London
Date of Award: 2014
Availability of Full Text:
Access from EThOS:
Full text unavailable from EThOS. Please try the link below.
Access from Institution:
Trends in the crude oil supply have shown a decline in reserves of conventional oil, which has been offset by increasing volumes of heavy oil. Therefore, hydrocracking has become an increasingly attractive process for upgrading heavy oil fractions. This process, however, presents major challenges that have to be overcome. The present work had two principal aims. The first was to develop a new continuous fixed-bed hydrocracking reactor (CFBR) to conduct long time-on-stream experiments, ranging from 180-360 minutes. Several challenges were faced during the design and construction caused by operating conditions constraints. Factors such as safety and effective control of the system were also taken into consideration. The second was to study hydrocracking experiments at different operating conditions performed in the CFBR. These were carried out with a model compound, 1-methylnaphthalene (C11-1MN) and a commercial catalyst, NiMo/Al2O3. Three residence times (1, 10, 20 minutes) and four temperatures (400, 420, 430 and 450 °C) were used, while keeping pressure constant at 10 MPa. Four main groups of products prevailed: partially hydrogenated bicyclic products, hydrogenated bicyclic products, ring-opening products and cracked products. Each group was further divided in alkyl and alkenyl benzenes, alkyl cyclohexane and decalin. The reaction pathway consisted of a mixture of parallel and consecutive reactions. The activation energy for the decomposition of C11-1MN was obtained with the Arrhenius equation. The overall selectivity of partially hydrogenated products and ring-opening products were mirrored and the overall selectivity for cracked products decreased with increasing temperature. The selectivity of hydrogenated products was very low. The effect of the sulphiding agent, diheptyl disulphide (DHDS) present in the feed, was elucidated on the activation of the catalyst. A decrease in sulphur concentration in products was coupled with a noticeable increase in C11-1MN conversion. Finally, the role of DHDS decomposition products in catalyst activation was investigated.
Supervisor: Millan-Agorio, Marcos Sponsor: Not available
Qualification Name: Thesis (Ph.D.) Qualification Level: Doctoral
EThOS ID:  DOI: Not available