Use this URL to cite or link to this record in EThOS: http://ethos.bl.uk/OrderDetails.do?uin=uk.bl.ethos.681975
Title: The influence of seasonal forcing on the population dynamics of ecological systems
Author: Taylor, Rachel Anne
ISNI:       0000 0004 5922 501X
Awarding Body: Heriot-Watt University
Current Institution: Heriot-Watt University
Date of Award: 2014
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Abstract:
Seasonal forcing represents a pervasive source of environmental variability and it has been shown to be important in generating the cycles observed in many ecological and epidemiological systems. We use a combination of bifurcation analysis and simulation to understand the impact of seasonality on population dynamics, with a focus on predator-prey and host-macroparasite systems. Multi-year cycles with a wide range of periods, quasi-periodicity and chaos are found. We consider the importance of the unforced dynamics in a predator-prey system by contrasting the e ect of seasonality when the underlying behaviour is oscillatory decay to the equilibrium or limit cycles. The limit cycles case shows a wider range of dynamics and multiple solutions. The e ect of variations in the seasonal forcing term are analysed in a predator-prey model by changing the breeding season length, using the vole system in Fennoscandia as a case study. It is found that the period of the multi-year cycles increases as the breeding season length decreases. By studying a general host-macroparasite system, in which the e ect of seasonality has not previously been explored in detail, we nd a larger potential for multiple solution behaviour compared to predator-prey systems. Overall, we show the critical role that seasonality can play in ecological systems.
Supervisor: White, Andrew ; Sherratt, Johnathan Sponsor: Not available
Qualification Name: Thesis (Ph.D.) Qualification Level: Doctoral
EThOS ID: uk.bl.ethos.681975  DOI: Not available
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