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Title: In vitro toxicological assessment of amorphous silica particles in relation to their characteristics and mode of action in human skin cells
Author: Moia, Claudia
ISNI:       0000 0004 5920 4278
Awarding Body: Cranfield University
Current Institution: Cranfield University
Date of Award: 2015
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Background: Silica is the common name for silicon dioxide (SiO2) materials and exists in both crystalline and amorphous forms. While crystalline silica is known for its severe health effects, amorphous silica has been considered safe and applied in many areas. However, some recent studies have showed evidence of their toxicity, raising concerns about its use as nanomaterial for biomedical applications. When nanomaterials enter the body, they are enveloped in biological fluids rich in biomolecules, which compete for binding to the nanomaterial. Such effect could alter their surface chemistry and therefore affect their bio-distribution and interaction with cells. Aim and objectives: As part of the EU-funded NANODRUG network programme, the aim of this project was the in vitro toxicity assessment of commercially-sourced fumed and colloidal amorphous silica particles in relation to their physico-chemical properties and potential application as carriers for drug delivery. The objectives were 1) characterization of silica particles hydrodynamic (Hd) size and dispersity in different cell culture media; 2) in vitro toxicological assessment of silica particles in human skin cells; 3) delineation of toxicity mechanisms in relation to their size; 4) assessment of the influence of Foetal Bovine Serum (FBS) on particle Hd size and toxicity; and 5) contributing to the overall objective of the NANODRUG programme - development of safe nanodrugs for skin application - through collaborations with different partners.
Supervisor: Zhu, Huijun Sponsor: Not available
Qualification Name: Thesis (Ph.D.) Qualification Level: Doctoral
EThOS ID:  DOI: Not available
Keywords: Silica ; Bovine serum ; in vitro cytotoxicity ; Wound healing