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Title: Interactions of light and mirrors : advanced techniques for modelling future gravitational wave detectors
Author: Brown, Daniel David
Awarding Body: University of Birmingham
Current Institution: University of Birmingham
Date of Award: 2016
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The second generation of ground based interferometric gravitational wave detectors, offering ten times the sensitivity of their predecessors, are now just beginning to come online. With these fully operational the community expects that within the next few years we will finally observe the first direct detection of a gravitational wave. The effectiveness of numerical modelling of realistic systems for design and improvements is in many cases limited by the computation time. I have investigated the use of a reduced-order quadrature technique to reduce the computational cost of calculating spatial overlap integrals of Hermite-Gaussian mode. This significant reduction allows for new parameter spaces to be efficiently explored. One of the challenges in the design of future gravitational wave detectors are unstable mechanical oscillations of the test masses: also known as parametric instabilities. I have shown a new method to reduce these parametric instabilities by using purely optical means. Finally, the susceptibility of waveguide grating mirrors to lateral displacement phase shifts coupling in to the reflected beam was investigated. It was demonstrated using a finite-difference time-domain model to solve Maxwell’s equations that such a coupling does not affect waveguide grating mirrors.
Supervisor: Not available Sponsor: Not available
Qualification Name: Thesis (Ph.D.) Qualification Level: Doctoral
EThOS ID:  DOI: Not available
Keywords: QC Physics