Use this URL to cite or link to this record in EThOS: http://ethos.bl.uk/OrderDetails.do?uin=uk.bl.ethos.680993
Title: Novel regulators that control the adaptation of a major fungal pathogen to combinations of host signals
Author: Kastora, Stavroula
ISNI:       0000 0004 5918 2021
Awarding Body: University of Aberdeen
Current Institution: University of Aberdeen
Date of Award: 2015
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Abstract:
One of the major aims of this thesis was to identify novel regulators that drive C. albicans adaptation during growth under different nutrient and temperature conditions. The classical stress response cascades have been previously characterised under standardized, but physiologically irrelevant growth conditions (YPD at 30°C). In this study these pathways and other regulators were examined under more physiologically relevant inputs because metabolic plasticity and thermo-tolerance have been shown to affect stress adaptation (Arguelles et al., 1999; Brown et al., 2014; Cowen, 2009; Diezmann et al., 2014). In this study, we characterized 18.5% of the functional C. albicans ORFeome under 144 different stress conditions by employing a standardized system of robotic screening (Chapter 3). These screens highlighted extensive carbon and temperature-conditional regulators in C. albicans. We identified carbon-conditional contributions of the transcriptional regulators Sfp1 and Rtg3 to stress adaptation in this pathogenic fungus (Chapter 4). Sfp1 was found to regulate the expression of key stress regulators during growth on glucose, whereas Rtg3 induced the expression of these stress genes during growth on lactate. Our screens also revealed a distinct set of transcription factors, Hap43, Swi4, Sfp1, Cap1 and Zcf31, that control regulators of cell wall integrity and that promote antifungal drug resistance in a temperature dependent and yet Hsp90- independent manner. The screens also provided new information about a relatively obscure group of transcriptional regulators in C. albicans; the zinc cluster proteins with focus on Zcf3 and Zcf18 which we further pursued with RNA-sequencing to establish them as modulators of cell cycle, stress resistance and virulence in C. albicans. Lastly, our screens reveal a network of regulators that are homologous to human oncogenes and control fungal growth via modulation of TOR signaling. In conclusion, this thesis has revealed many novel targets for possible antifungal drug development and highlighted the extensive and intricate cross-talk between stress response modules facilitated by physiologically relevant nutrient sources and ambient temperatures.
Supervisor: Not available Sponsor: Not available
Qualification Name: Thesis (Ph.D.) Qualification Level: Doctoral
EThOS ID: uk.bl.ethos.680993  DOI: Not available
Keywords: Host-fungus relationships ; Candida albicans
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