Use this URL to cite or link to this record in EThOS:
Title: Music performance anxiety : an investigation into the efficacy of cognitive hypnotherapy and eye movement desensitisation and reprocessing when applied to grade 8 pianists
Author: Brooker, Mary Elizabeth
ISNI:       0000 0004 5917 8460
Awarding Body: University of Leeds
Current Institution: University of Leeds
Date of Award: 2015
Availability of Full Text:
Access from EThOS:
Access from Institution:
Music performance anxiety (MPA) is widespread and has a detrimental effect on performance affecting amateur and professional musicians alike (Kenny, 2011; Wilson, 2002). Previous approaches for alleviation have focused on the conscious mind; however this research targets both the conscious and unconscious mind through two psychotherapies - cognitive hypnotherapy (CH) and eye movement desensitisation and reprocessing (EMDR). The efficacy of the therapies was investigated with 52 Grade 8 pianists at the Universities of Leeds and Sheffield and at Leeds College of Music, initially a pilot study of 6 followed by 46 in a further study. A multimodal design was adopted using four different measurements: the State-Trait Anxiety Inventory (Spielberger, 1983); a self-report questionnaire (SRQ) testing subjective anxiety; assessments of performance; and subjective perceptions of therapies pre- and post-treatment. To further support the quantitative data, qualitative investigations were conducted through the SRQ and an evaluative log of performance experiences post-research. During the research period participants were randomly assigned to a therapy or control group; the therapy groups received two interventions during a two-week period between two concerts. A significant improvement in performance was found in the therapy groups post-intervention, but not in the control; subjective levels of MPA also decreased significantly in the CH and EMDR groups. Both therapy groups demonstrated a significant reduction in state anxiety which was not evident in the control group, and trait anxiety decreased significantly below baseline levels in the therapy groups. Longitudinal testing of trait levels of anxiety at four months, one year and two years post-intervention demonstrated that significant decreases from baseline were still maintained. This finding, using a large sample, has not been previously reported and has important implications for educators, performers and future research.
Supervisor: Windsor, W.Luke ; Burland, Karen Sponsor: Not available
Qualification Name: Thesis (Ph.D.) Qualification Level: Doctoral
EThOS ID:  DOI: Not available