Use this URL to cite or link to this record in EThOS: http://ethos.bl.uk/OrderDetails.do?uin=uk.bl.ethos.680076
Title: Radiocarbon dating of terrestrial molluscs in North East Libya
Author: Hill, Evan Anthony
ISNI:       0000 0004 5372 6366
Awarding Body: Queen's University Belfast
Current Institution: Queen's University Belfast
Date of Award: 2015
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Abstract:
This thesis investigates the potential of using terrestrial molluscs for radiocarbon dating of archaeological sediments. The sequence at the Haua Fteah, Cyrenaica, in Libya provides a case study. Two strands of study were undertaken as part of the ERC funded Cyrenaica Prehistory Project: the examination of the present day radiocarbon ecology of species in the region; and an analysis of archaeological shell from the Haua Fteah cave with the aim of developing a high-resolution chronology for the upper portions of the site. Previously, the dating for many of the key lithic technological phases in the region has been reliant on a patchwork of sites which were anchored by relatively poor dating on a very small number of long sequences, of which the Haua Fteah is one of the most significant. Based on the findings of the modern study, an age offset of 584 ± 170 14C years BP was adopted for the correction of the shell reservoir effect in archaeological Helix melanostoma.The radiocarbon dating of archaeological shell from the Haua Fteah and Hagfet et Gama at a very high stratigraphic resolution found that a complex chronological pattern wf=ls present, with frequent dating reversals through the late quaternary sequence. The high resolution dating of the Late Pleistocene and Early Holocene archaeological sequence in the Haua Fteah provides the first truly detailed chronological analysis of the stratigraphy within the cave and has significantly improved our understanding of the relationship between key archaeological phases (Mousterian/MSA, Dabban/Upper Palaeolithic, Oranian and Capsian/Epipalaeolithic and Neolithic) at this site. It can therefore be concluded that the radiocarbon dating of archaeological shell has great promise when underpinned by radiocarbon ecological assessment of target species.
Supervisor: Not available Sponsor: Not available
Qualification Name: Thesis (Ph.D.) Qualification Level: Doctoral
EThOS ID: uk.bl.ethos.680076  DOI: Not available
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