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Title: Akinetic tuneable optical sources with applications
Author: Stancu, Radu-Florin
ISNI:       0000 0004 5372 0255
Awarding Body: University of Kent
Current Institution: University of Kent
Date of Award: 2015
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Optical Coherence Tomography (OCT) is a modern, non-invasive imaging technique in biomedical research and medical diagnostics. It was initially developed for clinical applications in ophthalmology, providing high-resolution, cross-sectional images of the retina, retinal nerve fibre layer and the optic nerve head. Today, OCT is used for in vivo imaging of almost every type of tissue and it also branched out in fields outside medicine, like industrial or pharmaceutical applications. OCT is a continuously improving imaging technique, benefiting from the development of advanced optical components and broadband optical sources. The objective of the work presented in the thesis was the development of both short and, respectively, long cavity akinetic optical devices, employing several types of dispersive optical fibre components in the cavity, like chirped fibre Bragg gratings, single mode or dispersion compensating fibre, and actively radio-frequency tuned semiconductor optical amplifiers, used as gain media. The use of external modulators, like Fabry-Perot assemblies, rotating mirrors and other mechanical devices is therefore completely eliminated, while versatility is added in the control of the coherence length, output bandwidth, repetition rate and power. The short cavity source was developed in the 1060 nm region, the output power and bandwidth showing a slow decay with the increase of repetition rate up to 250 kHz. Without any booster, the power achieved was 2 mW at 100 kHz. A novel dual-mode-locking mechanism was developed in order to tune an akinetic swept source based on dispersive cavities at a repetition rate close to, but different from the inverse of the cavity roundtrip. Several optical source configurations emitting in the 1060 nm or 1550 nm wavelength region were developed, characterised and tested in OCT applications. For the 1550 nm swept source employing a Faraday Rotating Mirror in a dispersive cavity, sweeping rates in the range of MHz were achieved, from 782 kHz to up to 5 times this value, with proportional decrease in the tuning bandwidth. Linewidths smaller than 60 pm and output powers exceeding 10 mW were measured. OCT topographic imaging was demonstrated. The thesis ends with a proposed broadband investigation of microresonators written in silica glass employing akinetic optical sources at 1550 nm. The work presented in this thesis resulted in several peer reviewed papers, one patent application and several conference presentations, listed after the final conclusions.
Supervisor: Podoleanu, Adrian G. H. ; Dobre, George Sponsor: Not available
Qualification Name: Thesis (Ph.D.) Qualification Level: Doctoral
EThOS ID:  DOI: Not available
Keywords: QC Physics