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Title: Topical therapy with novel targeted releasing formulations
Author: Luo, E-Ching
ISNI:       0000 0004 5371 1113
Awarding Body: De Montfort University
Current Institution: De Montfort University
Date of Award: 2015
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Aims Novel low toxicity formulations using biomaterial (i.e. gelatin) for triggered release and controlled manner of formulated therapeutic agent for treatment of immuno-inflammatory disease on the skin were studied in the PhD project. It is a challenging concept because of difficulties in targeting and controlling for the releases that is tailored to disease severity or lesional inflammation extent. Background Psoriasis is a complicated disease with multi-factorial pathogenesis. Potent anti-psoriatic drugs are available but for managing the symptoms of the disease. Due to the toxicity of the therapeutic agents, different strategies have been suggested to avoid severe side effects from long term or high dose usage. Psoriasis is an optimal representative for this investigation in terms of the toxicities of recognized drugs, unpredictable or relapsed nature of the disease or even life threatening developments if generalised symptoms develop as they can in some types. Method Using the rheometry in temperature sweep mode, a series of concentrations of pure gelatin and gelatin mixture were developed. In addition, using tryptic enzyme, their action was studied rheologically. A Petri dish observational method was used to investigate the permeability of formulations chosen on the basis of the rheometric performance. Then, combining the Copley diffusion cell kit and UV/VIS spectrophotometer, the release of the model drug was investigated in porous artificial membranes and porcine skin for one or more of the formulations. The preliminary part using porous artificial membranes was to investigate the amount of the release of tartrazine from a candidate gel into the circulation system. In this part, alternatives were considered for dealing with gelatin or gelatin/carbomer swelling by using mechanical stress approach or changing to octanol solvent. For the latter a dye, rhodamine, which would partition into octanol had to be substituted for tartrazine (which has iv negligible organic solubility). In the final part, using skin membrane, the amount of the release tartrazine to the skin was measured because in this, skin staining, rather than partition was needed. Results Promising results were observed in each stage. The rheological investigation on the developed gelatin/water system and gelatin/carbomer intimate system in absence and presence of tryptic enzyme showed that a responsive but convenient formulation was possible and was independent of the presence of tartrazine. Analysis of these resulting rheological profiles suggested a prediction for the best gelatin/carbomer formulations to select for the permeability tests. The latter used Petri dishes to compare differential diffusion of these candidates showed the carbomer was able to stop three-dimensional spreading of the dye through the pure gelatin or its residue (after enzyme action). The drug release studies using artificial porous membranes for preliminary work showed significant differential release between enzyme free and enzyme treated versions of the 20% gelatin/0.9% carbomer formulation. The final success was the in vitro skin experiment in which the result was obtained for the pure gelatin and shown to deliver very substantially more to areas with applied enzyme s a simulated lesion.
Supervisor: Not available Sponsor: Not available
Qualification Name: Thesis (Ph.D.) Qualification Level: Doctoral
EThOS ID:  DOI: Not available
Keywords: topical therapy ; topical delivery ; targeted ; releasing formulation ; gelatin ; gelatine ; carbomer ; carbopol