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Title: Johann Christian Kittel and the long overlooked multiple bass chorale tradition
Author: McCormick, Susan Rebecca
Awarding Body: Queen's University Belfast
Current Institution: Queen's University Belfast
Date of Award: 2015
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This thesis examines a recently rediscovered manuscript attributed to Johann Christian Kittel and attempts to ascertain its purpose and origin, and to establish its relationship with other harmonised chorale collections by Kittel. Multiple bass chorale practice is considered with particular focus on the pedagogical and practical functions. The extant manuscript sources (most of which, to date, have not received extensive examination) are studied in detail in order to determine if these collections support contemporary documentary evidence of the multiple bass chorale tradition, and with the aim of discovering the origins of the multiple bass chorale tradition. As well as raising questions in relation to Kittel's chorale output, and in relation to the practice of chorale accompaniment in the eighteenth century, the newly rediscovered manuscript has also raised questions regarding Kittel's pedagogy. It is clear that Kittel utilised many of his chorale works in his teaching. Thus, the present work aims to establish the role that harmonic variation played in Kittel's teaching, and to examine his use of basses in the teaching of composition and improvisation. As Kittel claimed to have framed his teaching 'entirely according to Bachian principles', the present study investigates if the newly rediscovered manuscript (and Kittel's other chorale-based works) can reveal anything of Bach's pedagogy. Kittel evidently passed on the value of Bach's work to his pupils, with Bach compositions appearing on occasion in their manuscripts. Through identifying and examining the copies of Bach's works either owned or transcribed by Kittel and Kittel's pupils, the role of Kittel as preserver and disseminator of Bach's legacy is investigated.
Supervisor: Not available Sponsor: Not available
Qualification Name: Thesis (Ph.D.) Qualification Level: Doctoral
EThOS ID:  DOI: Not available