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Title: Analysis and optimization of ventilation systems for smoke control through computational fluid dynamics (CFD) modelling
Author: Shim, Chyuan Shim
Awarding Body: Swansea University
Current Institution: Swansea University
Date of Award: 2011
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This thesis promotes the responsible use of CFD technology through the development of the simulation based design strategy applicable to the design of the tire engineered smoke control ventilation systems. The correct representations of the problem of interest and measures that may be adopted to ensure the accuracy of the simulated solution are two key aspects of this promotion. The development process presents the application of the proposed procedure through three industrial challenges that have subsequently been approved by the relevant fire authorities. The challenges consist of the design of fire engineered systems for residential high rise buildings and covered car parks which in turn demonstrate the robustness of the proposed procedure. The proposed procedure consists of four key stages namely: Qualitative Design Review (QDR); Quantitative Analysis (QA); Assessment; and Fire Services' comments. QDR identifies the ventilation strategy, the potential tire scenario and the appropriate assessment approach applicable to the problem of interest. QA uses the chosen tire analytical approach to evaluate parameters identified in the QDR. The assessment stage is where outputs from the analysis are assessed based on the assessment criteria defined in the QDR. Fire Services' comments are there to account for any additional requirements the fire officer responsible might had have as he/she has the final say on whether the fire engineered system is approved for installation. A review of the current legislative literature i.e. building code, prescriptive and performance based codes is presented. Furthermore, the criteria applicable for the assessment of simulation based design solution are also discussed. The concept of smoke control is discussed in detail which includes an overview of the mechanism of smoke movement and the provisions available to limit smoke spread. A survey of the current Computational Fluid Dynamics (CFD) software packages suitable for the assessment of smoke movement is also included.
Supervisor: Not available Sponsor: Not available
Qualification Name: Thesis (Ph.D.) Qualification Level: Doctoral
EThOS ID:  DOI: Not available
Keywords: Computational fluid dynamics ; Ventilation ; Buildings--Smoke control systems