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Title: Modelling the constitutive behaviour of poly(ethylene terephthalate) for the stretch blow moulding process
Author: Yan, Shiyong
ISNI:       0000 0004 5369 5379
Awarding Body: Queen's University Belfast
Current Institution: Queen's University Belfast
Date of Award: 2014
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The stretch blow moulding (SBM) process is the main method for the mass production of PET containers. Understanding and modelling the behaviour of PET is critical for design the optimum product and process. However due to its nonlinear viscoelastic behaviour, the behaviour of PET is highly sensitive to its thermomechanical history making the task of modelling its constitutive behaviour very complex. This means that the constitutive model will be useful only if it is known to be valid under the actual conditions of the SBM process of interest. The aim of this work was to develop a material model capable of capturing the deformation behaviour of PET subject to an arbitrary strain history, and to develop a new material characterization method providing new data for the deformation behaviour of PET relevant to the SBM process. In or~er to achieve this goal, a reliable, robust and non-touch characterization method was developed based on the data acquisition system and digital image correlation system to determine the stress-strain relationship of material in deforming preforms during free stretch-blow tests. Considerable experimental work, including conventional biaxial stretching tests and free stretch-blow tests, was carried out to characterize the mechanical properties of the material. These tests revealed the properties of PET under displacement-controlled deformation and load-controlled deformation. The material model was developed based on the original Buckley model in two aspects. One was the development of the 'lock-up' process in the network system, representing the onset of strain-induced crystallization (SIC). Another was the consideration of self-heating effect of PET during the deformation.
Supervisor: Not available Sponsor: Not available
Qualification Name: Thesis (Ph.D.) Qualification Level: Doctoral
EThOS ID:  DOI: Not available