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Title: Fault location on mixed overhead line and cable network
Author: Han, Junyu
ISNI:       0000 0004 5369 4165
Awarding Body: University of Manchester
Current Institution: University of Manchester
Date of Award: 2015
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Society is increasingly concerned about the environmental impact of energy systems, and prefers to locate power lines underground. In future, certain socially/environmentally sensitive overhead transmission feeders will need to include underground cable sections. Fault location, especially when using travelling waves, become complicated when the combined transmission line includes a number of discontinuities, such as junction points, teed points and fault points. Consequently, a diverse range of fault locators were developed in this thesis, and the performance of the proposed fault locators investigated. For a combined transmission line (CTL), consisting of one or more overhead line sections and one or more underground cable sections, a hybrid fault location scheme is proposed. This utilises the robustness of an impedance based distance algorithm and the accuracy, but stability concerns, of a travelling wave based fault locator, to determine the faulted section. The distance algorithm can determine the approximate fault location, but if the fault is located near an “underground-overhead” junction point, the accuracy is not sufficient to decide whether the fault is located on the overhead or the underground section. This thesis proposes utilizing a single end travelling wave fault locator to improve the accuracy of the fault location decision. The single end travelling wave fault locator can determine the fault section according to the permutation of the polarity of the “special surges”, which is especially important when the fault is close to a junction point. However, this single end fault locator fails in certain “blind” areas, wand these require the use of a distance relay to help determine fault section. Simulation results demonstrated that this hybrid fault locator can reliably determine which section of the feeder is faulty. For all types of CTL, including teed networks, the multiple-end travelling wave fault locator, utilising the arrival time at the feeder ends of the first fault instigated surges, can estimate the fault location. One of the main features of the proposed fault locator is the classification of the time difference between the arrivals of a fault instigated surge at the feeder ends as standard values, when the fault is located at each of the junction points or teed points. Comparing the time differences measured during an actual fault with these standard values allows the faulted feeder section to be estimated. The simulation results show this multiple-end travelling wave fault locator is highly reliable and suitable for application on combined overhead and underground transmission lines.
Supervisor: Not available Sponsor: National Grid
Qualification Name: Thesis (Ph.D.) Qualification Level: Doctoral
EThOS ID:  DOI: Not available
Keywords: Fault Location ; Combine Transmission Line ; Travelling Wave Fault Locator ; Discrete Wavelet Transform