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Title: Investigation of haemodynamic changes and pathophysiology in a remote filament model of stroke
Author: Burrows, Fiona
ISNI:       0000 0004 5369 3162
Awarding Body: University of Manchester
Current Institution: University of Manchester
Date of Award: 2014
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The initial hours following an ischaemic event in the brain represent a critically important window in which therapeutic interventions to reduce neuronal damage and improve patient outcome can be made. Nevertheless, the dynamics of cerebral blood flow and oxygenation, as well as the local physiological changes, in the first few hours after reperfusion following ischaemic stroke are not well understood. In the first study, a remote filament approach was used to obtain multispectral imaging data before, during and after middle cerebral artery occlusion to investigate early changes in haemodynamic concentration of oxy-/deoxy-haemoglobin and total blood volume, in anaesthetised mice. We use immunohistochemistry to establish the extent of cortical injury and correlate the severity of damage with the change of oxygen perfusion during and after the ischaemic event. Increased numbers of platelets and activated microglia, expression of interleukin-1α, evidence of BBB breakdown and neuronal stress are all seen within the stroked hemisphere of MCAo mice and correlate with the severity of oxy-haemoglobin concentration deficit at experimental but not with the change in oxy-haemoglobin concentration during the acute stroke. In the second study, we used the same remote filament and optical imaging approach to investigate the effects of acute systemic inflammation on haemodynamics pre, during, and after induced cerebral ischaemia. We found that an acute systemic inflammatory challenge exacerbates oxy-haemoglobin deficit after 3 h of reperfusion following an ischaemic event. We investigated known pathophysiological markers to elucidate potential mechanisms that may contribute to this exacerbated oxygenation deficit and found hyper-coagulated platelets within the large and microvessels of the ipsilateral cortex. Our findings demonstrate that despite initial restoration of HbO2 supply after 30 min MCAo there is a delayed compromise that coincides with inflammatory processes that could be a future target for improved stroke outcome after thrombolysis. We also show that acute systemic inflammation exacerbates this oxy-haemoglobin deficit after an ischaemic challenge and increases pathophysiology.
Supervisor: Schiessl, Ingo ; Dickinson, Mark ; Allan, Stuart Sponsor: Not available
Qualification Name: Thesis (Ph.D.) Qualification Level: Doctoral
EThOS ID:  DOI: Not available
Keywords: stroke ; middle cerebral artery occlusion ; spectroscopy ; optical imaging ; inflammation ; reperfusion