Use this URL to cite or link to this record in EThOS: http://ethos.bl.uk/OrderDetails.do?uin=uk.bl.ethos.676704
Title: Preliminary factors necessary for effective implementation of cooperative learning, and their prevalence in cooperative learning practice in Saudi Arabia
Author: Albuhairi, Saeed Saleh A.
ISNI:       0000 0004 5367 2919
Awarding Body: University of Hull
Current Institution: University of Hull
Date of Award: 2015
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Abstract:
For a number of years, educationalists in Saudi Arabia have criticized the education system, blaming outdated teaching methods for unsatisfactory pupil outcomes. Government rhetoric on education reform advocates a move to new approaches, particularly cooperative learning (CL), yet implementation is reportedly still low. Previous research by the current author, and personal experience suggest that a potential reason for this lack of implementation is that students and teachers are not ready in a variety of ways to engage with cooperative learning. This study, therefore, explores the necessary preliminary factors for effective implementation of cooperative learning, their prevalence in Saudi Arabia, and the challenges and facilitating factors influencing their development. A mixed method, two-phase research design was adopted. In Phase One (quantitative), all boys’ primary school Arabic language teachers (n=79) in Alaurthiah Ashamaliah region were surveyed regarding their understanding and practice of CL. In Phase Two (qualitative), pre-lesson, post-lesson and general interviews were conducted with seven CL-implementing teachers, one lesson by each of the seven observed using an observation checklist, and a video-recording of each observed lesson discussed with the teacher concerned. The findings revealed generally low understanding and prevalence of CL overall, and of the preliminary factors identified from CL literature (positive interdependence, individual and group accountability, promotive interaction, interpersonal and small group skills, and group processing). A complex interplay of macro- and micro-level factors were found to constrain CL, including the centralized, hierarchical education system, an overloaded curriculum, limited regional infrastructure, lack of resources and educational aids and, above all, insufficient quantity and inadequate quality of teacher training for CL. Nevertheless, the cooperative values of Islam, collectivist social traditions and government interest in education reform are potentially facilitative. Recommendations are offered for the Ministry of Education, training providers and teachers, for ways to promote, develop and enhance CL practice in Saudi schools.
Supervisor: Bottery, Mike ; Jolliffe, Wendy ; Wright, Nigel Sponsor: Not available
Qualification Name: Thesis (Ph.D.) Qualification Level: Doctoral
EThOS ID: uk.bl.ethos.676704  DOI: Not available
Keywords: Education
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