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Title: Adaptation to rural transformation : a place-based investigation into post-earthquake permanent housing projects in Eastern Turkey
Author: Yilmaz, Didem Gunes
ISNI:       0000 0004 5372 9495
Awarding Body: Queen's University Belfast
Current Institution: Queen's University Belfast
Date of Award: 2015
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This doctoral study seeks the answer to the question of 'How has the implementations of post-earthquake reconstruction affected rural communities and changed the built environment of rural eastern Turkey?' with reference to the socio-economic and physical vulnerability of rural population in the Eastern Anatolian Region. The region has the highest risk of earthquake exposure in the country and the past experiences showed that rural people in the region lack of capacity to cope with the impacts of earthquakes. In consideration of the vulnerable built environment of rural settlements in the region, the state implements housing projects seismic-resistant. However, the projects are standardised and after the delivery of houses, no evaluation is conducted by authorities in terms of learning to what extent people are satisfied and how they recover overall in time. In this regard, this study attempts to address this gap and evaluates housing projects and beneficiaries' recovery in a time frame from 1992 to 2012. The projects in Erzincan, Erzurum and Van are the case studies in the study region. The data collection consists of 240 questionnaires and 35 interviews conducted with the beneficiaries. A number of demographic, socio-economic and physical indicators are examined through statistical analyses and the interviews are used for verbatim quotations. According to the results, the beneficiaries are overall highly satisfied with the houses. The strength of satisfaction was measured at the highest for the dwellers in Van and at the lowest for the dwellers in Erzincan, which can be linked to the variety of the house plans implemented in Van. The repayment model of house-loan is inappropriate for beneficiaries since most do not have regular income, as the interviewees emphasised. With regard to livelihood, the rural people in the region are becoming less agriculture-dependent and more interested in jobs with regular income and insurance
Supervisor: Not available Sponsor: Not available
Qualification Name: Thesis (Ph.D.) Qualification Level: Doctoral
EThOS ID:  DOI: Not available