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Title: Space time geography of malaria and the environmental risks to households, Lagos State, Nigeria
Author: Onyeahialam, Anthonia Ijeoma
ISNI:       0000 0004 5370 0473
Awarding Body: University of Newcastle upon Tyne
Current Institution: University of Newcastle upon Tyne
Date of Award: 2015
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The research employs the theoretical lens of human ecology of disease to examine the ecology of malaria in Lagos state, Nigeria. As a first step I examine the spatial and temporal trends in clinical malaria infection using a density-based algorithm to identify two locations (Ikeja and Kosofe LGAs) with one of the highest malaria infection rates and ecologically diverse terrain. They form the focus of this research. I gather data and derive measures on 26 theoretically relevant environment and socio-cultural risk variables in a cross-section of 208 households using mixed methods that comprise semi-structured interviews, a questionnaire, environmental observations, GIS and remote sensing data and GPS mapping. Through these efforts, I build a household spatial database. I assess the contributory influences of the risk variables through the development and assessment of ten ecologically relevant candidate models of urban malaria using statistical and GIS analysis. I also engage with the everyday lives of the households and qualify the quantitative relationships. Findings reveal that the most parsimonious candidate model is grounded on the human ecology of disease principle. While many of the variables are not statistically significant, some, such as travel history, animal presence and household size, are of public health importance. One important finding emerges. The risk variable “working at night without mosquito protection”, though it does not appear in this model, seems to be important across other models. I examine it further and note that its risk within households is higher than those associated with residential locations. In fact, households inhabit low-risk locations and have low vulnerability risk rates. This suggests that in urban areas, infection likely occurs outside homes and mostly from places of work or social gathering, and coincides with older household members rather than vulnerable children. This research suggests further insights for urban-like occupations and behaviours.
Supervisor: Not available Sponsor: NERC ; Shell BP ; Newcastle University ; Nigerian Petroleum Technology Development Fund
Qualification Name: Thesis (Ph.D.) Qualification Level: Doctoral
EThOS ID:  DOI: Not available