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Title: Derived symplectic structures in generalized Donaldson-Thomas theory and categorification
Author: Bussi, Vittoria
ISNI:       0000 0004 5369 5029
Awarding Body: University of Oxford
Current Institution: University of Oxford
Date of Award: 2014
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This thesis presents a series of results obtained in [13, 18, 19, 23{25, 87]. In [19], we prove a Darboux theorem for derived schemes with symplectic forms of degree k < 0, in the sense of [142]. We use this to show that the classical scheme X = t0(X) has the structure of an algebraic d-critical locus, in the sense of Joyce [87]. Then, if (X, s) is an oriented d-critical locus, we prove in [18] that there is a natural perverse sheaf P·X,s on X, and in [25], we construct a natural motive MFX,s, in a certain quotient ring MμX of the μ-equivariant motivic Grothendieck ring MμX, and used in Kontsevich and Soibelman's theory of motivic Donaldson-Thomas invariants [102]. In [13], we obtain similar results for k-shifted symplectic derived Artin stacks. We apply this theory to categorifying Donaldson-Thomas invariants of Calabi-Yau 3-folds, and to categorifying Lagrangian intersections in a complex symplectic manifold using perverse sheaves, and to prove the existence of natural motives on moduli schemes of coherent sheaves on a Calabi-Yau 3-fold equipped with 'orientation data', as required in Kontsevich and Soibelman's motivic Donaldson-Thomas theory [102], and on intersections L??M of oriented Lagrangians L,M in an algebraic symplectic manifold (S,ω). In [23] we show that if (S,ω) is a complex symplectic manifold, and L,M are complex Lagrangians in S, then the intersection X= L??M, as a complex analytic subspace of S, extends naturally to a complex analytic d-critical locus (X, s) in the sense of Joyce [87]. If the canonical bundles KL,KM have square roots K1/2L, K1/2M then (X, s) is oriented, and we provide a direct construction of a perverse sheaf P·L,M on X, which coincides with the one constructed in [18]. In [24] we have a more in depth investigation in generalized Donaldson-Thomas invariants DTα(τ) defined by Joyce and Song [85]. We propose a new algebraic method to extend the theory to algebraically closed fields K of characteristic zero, rather than K = C, and we conjecture the extension of generalized Donaldson-Thomas theory to compactly supported coherent sheaves on noncompact quasi-projective Calabi-Yau 3-folds, and to complexes of coherent sheaves on Calabi-Yau 3-folds.
Supervisor: Joyce, Dominic Sponsor: Engineering and Physical Sciences Research Council ; Mathematical Institute ; University College, Oxford
Qualification Name: Thesis (Ph.D.) Qualification Level: Doctoral
EThOS ID:  DOI: Not available
Keywords: Algebraic geometry ; Donaldson-Thomas invariants ; derived algebraic geometry