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Title: Influences of first-line oral monotherapy on outcomes in Pulmonary Arterial Hypertension in association with Connective Tissue Disease
Author: Hamilton, Neil David
Awarding Body: University of Bradford
Current Institution: University of Bradford
Date of Award: 2013
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Background Pulmonary arterial hypertension (PAH) is a rare progressive disease with no known cure. Of various aetiologies, PAH in association with connective tissue disease (PAH-CTD) is the most rapidly progressive and difficult to treat. Management of PAH has evolved significantly in the past ten years since the introduction of oral therapies. Evidence for the efficacy of these agents outside randomised controlled trials is limited, but guidelines exist. Aim To measure the impact of first-line monotherapy with bosentan or sildenafil and the introduction of prescribing guidelines on outcomes in PAH-CTD. Methods Following a retrospective analysis of consecutive, incident, treatment-naive PAH-CTD cases identified by the ASPIRE registry, influences on outcome measures have been compared. First-line monotherapy episodes for 247 patients was analysed against four distinct endpoints: change in exercise capacity, WHO functional class, time on monotherapy and all-cause mortality. Results Treatment with bosentan or sildenafil resulted in clinical stability at 2 years for nearly 1/4 patients. No difference was identified between the groups in terms of either exercise capacity or WHO functional class. Sildenafil patients were found to remain on monotherapy longer than those prescribed bosentan. Patients prescribed sildenafil have improved survival over those treated with bosentan. Unexpected baseline differences in between groups may confound the results as the haemodynamics of the bosentan patients were more severe. Conclusions A significant number of patients with PAH-CTD remain clinically stable on monotherapy at 2 years. Both agents seem equally effective in this aggressive form of PAH. A novel endpoint “TOM” may be of value in future research assessing response to treatment.
Supervisor: Not available Sponsor: Not available
Qualification Name: Thesis (Ph.D.) Qualification Level: Doctoral
EThOS ID:  DOI: Not available
Keywords: Pulmonary arterial hypertension, Connective tissue disease, Bosentan, Sildenafil, Monotherapy, Survival