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Title: Modeling fine sediment behavior in gravel-bed rivers
Author: Lamparter, Gabriele Johanna
ISNI:       0000 0004 5364 909X
Awarding Body: University of Exeter
Current Institution: University of Exeter
Date of Award: 2014
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Fine-grained sediment accumulation in the interstices of gravel beds is a key factor in degrading riverine habitats. However, interstitial deposits are highly dynamic and are not sufficiently understood. This work enhances the understanding of interstitial fine sediment deposition by investigating interstitial storage and ingress, flow, suspended sediment and gravel bed character. Furthermore, this work introduces a numerical suspended sediment deposition model with the power to predict patterns of interstitial ingress. The investigation of interstitial deposition were carried out on two levels. Both data orginating from flume experiments and from three locations of the River Culm, Devon, UK was collected. The experimental data showed the significant influence of small scale variations in flow and bed character and their influence on interstitial ingress. The field investigation showed clear differences in interstitial fine-grained sediment for the different river reaches and an overall higher interstitial ingress compared to recent published data. The numerical model development was realised in a two-step approach. First, the model was coded and calibrated for the flume scale processes and, second, an upscaled reach scale model was devolped for the field data. This reach scale suspended sediment deposition model included flow information, for which depthaveraged two dimensional hydrodynamic models were developed with the software Delft3D. The overall explanatory power of the model at this state is not satisfactory with regards to local deposition distribution. A separate chapter discusses the possible causes and implications of this short coming for further research from a data aquisition and modelling perspective.
Supervisor: Nicholas, Andrew; Collins, Adrian; Michaelides, Katerina Sponsor: Great Western Research ; ADAS UK
Qualification Name: Thesis (Ph.D.) Qualification Level: Doctoral
EThOS ID:  DOI: Not available
Keywords: fine sediment, gravel-bed rivers, interstitial fine sediment, fine sediment deposition, flume experiments, hydrodynamic modelling, River Culm, retrievable basket traps, degradation of riverine habitats, numerical scale dependent modelling