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Title: 'Not otherwise worthy to be named, but as a firebrand brought from Ireland to inflame this Kingdom' : the political and cultural milieu of Sir John Clotworthy during the Stuart Civil Wars
Author: Robinson, Andrew
Awarding Body: Ulster University
Current Institution: Ulster University
Date of Award: 2013
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Sir John Clotworthy, later created Viscount Massereene during the Restoration of Charles II, has long been noted by historians to be a key figure in pan-Stuart kingdom opposition to the eleven-year tyranny of Charles I. Perhaps most famously one biographer of Archbishop Laud referred to Clotworthy as 'not otherwise worthy to be named, but as a firebrand brought from Ireland to inflame this Kingdom'. This thesis aims to look more closely at Clotworthy's career during the Stuart Civil Wars, 1638-1651, to argue that the Antrim planter was more than a mere conduit of discontent and played a leading role in the Long Parliament from 1640 to 1648. The personal traits that have defined his character for the better part of 350 years, namely his devotion to Presbyterianism, blatant anti-Catholicism and a thirst to expand his estates in County Antrim are all investigated throughout this thesis. Unfortunately no personal archive of Clotworthy papers is known to be in existence and letters written by him are piecemeal and spread amongst many archives and depositories. It is therefore imperative to contextualize his political career by considering the social, familial and political circles in which he moved, especially those occasioned by his marriage to Margaret Jones, daughter of Viscount Ranelagh, which brought him within the patronage network of Richard Boyle, 1 st earl of Cork. Clotworthy also shared a wider political and religious agenda that drew him into a nexus of leading English grandees which included such luminaries as the earl of Warwick, Viscount Saye & Sele, John Pym and Denzil Holles. This thesis contends that where Clotworthy's own papers are not extant, the political path he traversed in association with these important allies give strong indications as to his own ideology and mentalite. Furthermore this thesis draws attention to the relationships between Clotworthy and his servant and Gaelic Irish convert to Protestantism Owen O'Connally, as well as the Carrickfergus merchant John Davies, suggesting that a consideration of his agents, allies and men of business can help further elucidate Clotworthy's importance during the Stuart Civil Wars, suggesting his role was as much more than a mere firebrand and that he played a central role in the politics of the Three Kingdoms.
Supervisor: Not available Sponsor: Not available
Qualification Name: Thesis (Ph.D.) Qualification Level: Doctoral
EThOS ID:  DOI: Not available