Use this URL to cite or link to this record in EThOS: http://ethos.bl.uk/OrderDetails.do?uin=uk.bl.ethos.667633
Title: Mean-field-like approximations for stochastic processes on weighted and dynamic networks
Author: Rattana, Prapanporn
ISNI:       0000 0004 5361 8568
Awarding Body: University of Sussex
Current Institution: University of Sussex
Date of Award: 2015
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Abstract:
The explicit use of networks in modelling stochastic processes such as epidemic dynamics has revolutionised research into understanding the impact of contact pattern properties, such as degree heterogeneity, preferential mixing, clustering, weighted and dynamic linkages, on how epidemics invade, spread and how to best control them. In this thesis, I worked on mean-field approximations of stochastic processes on networks with particular focus on weighted and dynamic networks. I mostly used low dimensional ordinary differential equation (ODE) models and explicit network-based stochastic simulations to model and analyse how epidemics become established and spread in weighted and dynamic networks. I begin with a paper presenting the susceptible-infected-susceptible/recovered (SIS, SIR) epidemic models on static weighted networks with different link weight distributions. This work extends the pairwise model paradigm to weighted networks and gives excellent agreement with simulations. The basic reproductive ratio, R0, is formulated for SIR dynamics. The effects of link weight distribution on R0 and on the spread of the disease are investigated in detail. This work is followed by a second paper, which considers weighted networks in which the nodal degree and weights are not independent. Moreover, two approximate models are explored: (i) the pairwise model and (ii) the edge-based compartmental model. These are used to derive important epidemic descriptors, including early growth rate, final epidemic size, basic reproductive ratio and epidemic dynamics. Whilst the first two papers concentrate on static networks, the third paper focuses on dynamic networks, where links can be activated and/or deleted and this process can evolve together with the epidemic dynamics. We consider an adaptive network with a link rewiring process constrained by spatial proximity. This model couples SIS dynamics with that of the network and it investigates the impact of rewiring on the network structure and disease die-out induced by the rewiring process. The fourth paper shows that the generalised master equations approach works well for networks with low degree heterogeneity but it fails to capture networks with modest or high degree heterogeneity. In particular, we show that a recently proposed generalisation performs poorly, except for networks with low heterogeneity and high average degree.
Supervisor: Not available Sponsor: Not available
Qualification Name: Thesis (Ph.D.) Qualification Level: Doctoral
EThOS ID: uk.bl.ethos.667633  DOI: Not available
Keywords: QA0273 Probabilities. Mathematical statistics
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