Use this URL to cite or link to this record in EThOS: http://ethos.bl.uk/OrderDetails.do?uin=uk.bl.ethos.667346
Title: The potential for vaginal self sampling to increase participation in cervical screening
Author: Wedisinghe, Lilantha
ISNI:       0000 0004 5360 1213
Awarding Body: Queen Mary, University of London
Current Institution: Queen Mary, University of London
Date of Award: 2014
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Abstract:
Aim: To explore potential methods of increasing cervical screening coverage. Methods: Cervical screening defaulters in Dumfries and Galloway were identified in 2012, split into a control (N=64) and 7 intervention groups who were offered multiple screening options including self-collecting a vaginal sample at home. Self-samples were tested for high-risk human papillomavirus (HPV). A total of 3323 were invited to request a kit and 492 were sent a kit directly. Women who declined screening were asked to complete a questionnaire. Colposcopy referrals from defaulters were audited to identify changes over time. Defaulters attending the hospital smear clinic were questioned to ascertain barriers to cervical screening. Results: Among seven intervention groups the proportion responding varied between 32% (25%-38%) and 14% (11%-17%) compared to 6% among controls. One hundred and thirty women were HPV positive on self-sample, 8 of whom had CIN2+ diagnosed. A significantly higher number of defaulters were referred to colposcopy in June-December 2012 (n=51) than in the same period in 2011 (n=17; OR=3.8, 2.1-6.9). Defaulting was more commonly attributed to practical (112/155=72%) than attitudinal barriers (23/115=15%) (RR=4.9, 3.3-8.0). Conclusions: Practical barriers are often the cause of women not attending for cervical screening and offering more options, particularly the option of self- sampling at home, increases screening coverage.
Supervisor: Not available Sponsor: Not available
Qualification Name: Thesis (Ph.D.) Qualification Level: Doctoral
EThOS ID: uk.bl.ethos.667346  DOI: Not available
Keywords: Medicine ; Cervical screening ; Human papillomavirus
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