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Title: Multi-target tracking and performance evaluation on videos
Author: Poiesi, Fabio
ISNI:       0000 0004 5359 843X
Awarding Body: Queen Mary, University of London
Current Institution: Queen Mary, University of London
Date of Award: 2014
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Multi-target tracking is the process that allows the extraction of object motion patterns of interest from a scene. Motion patterns are often described through metadata representing object locations and shape information. In the first part of this thesis we discuss the state-of-the-art methods aimed at accomplishing this task on monocular views and also analyse the methods for evaluating their performance. The second part of the thesis describes our research contribution to these topics. We begin presenting a method for multi-target tracking based on track-before-detect (MTTBD) formulated as a particle filter. The novelty involves the inclusion of the target identity (ID) into the particle state, which enables the algorithm to deal with an unknown and unlimited number of targets. We propose a probabilistic model of particle birth and death based on Markov Random Fields. This model allows us to overcome the problem of the mixing of IDs of close targets. We then propose three evaluation measures that take into account target-size variations, combine accuracy and cardinality errors, quantify long-term tracking accuracy at different accuracy levels, and evaluate ID changes relative to the duration of the track in which they occur. This set of measures does not require pre-setting of parameters and allows one to holistically evaluate tracking performance in an application-independent manner. Lastly, we present a framework for multi-target localisation applied on scenes with a high density of compact objects. Candidate target locations are initially generated by extracting object features from intensity maps using an iterative method based on a gradient-climbing technique and an isocontour slicing approach. A graph-based data association method for multi-target tracking is then applied to link valid candidate target locations over time and to discard those which are spurious. This method can deal with point targets having indistinguishable appearance and unpredictable motion. MT-TBD is evaluated and compared with state-of-the-art methods on real-world surveillance.
Supervisor: Not available Sponsor: Not available
Qualification Name: Thesis (Ph.D.) Qualification Level: Doctoral
EThOS ID:  DOI: Not available
Keywords: Electronic Engineering ; Multi-target tracking