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Title: The identification of unbalance in a nonlinear squeeze-film damped system using an inverse method : a computational and experimental study
Author: Torres Cedillo, Sergio Guillermo
ISNI:       0000 0004 5357 9490
Awarding Body: University of Manchester
Current Institution: University of Manchester
Date of Award: 2015
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Typical aero-engine assemblies have at least two nested rotors mounted within a flexible casing via squeeze-film damper (SFD) bearings. As a result, the flexible casing structures become highly sensitive to the vibration excitation arising from the High and Low pressure rotors. Lowering vibrations at the aircraft engine casing can reduce harmful effects on the aircraft engine. Inverse problem techniques provide a means toward solving the unbalance identification problem for a rotordynamic system supported by nonlinear SFD bearings, requiring prior knowledge of the structure and measurements of vibrations at the casing. This thesis presents two inverse solution techniques for the nonlinear rotordynamic inverse problem, which are focused on applications where the rotor is inaccessible under operating conditions, e.g. high pressure rotors. Numerical and experimental validations under hitherto unconsidered conditions have been conducted to test the robustness of each technique. The main contributions of this thesis are:• The development of a non-invasive inverse procedure for unbalance identification and balancing of a nonlinear SFD rotordynamic system. This method requires at least a linear connection to ensure a well-conditioned explicit relationship between the casing vibration and the rotor unbalance via frequency response functions. The method makes no simplifying assumptions made in previous research e.g. neglect of gyroscopic effects; assumption of structural isotropy; restriction to one SFD; circular centred orbits (CCOs) of the SFD. • The identification and validation of the inverse dynamic model of the nonlinear SFD element, based on recurrent neural networks (RNNs) that are trained to reproduce the Cartesian displacements of the journal relative to the bearing housing, when presented with given input time histories of the Cartesian SFD bearing forces.• The empirical validation of an entirely novel approach towards the solution of a nonlinear inverse rotor-bearing problem, one involving an identified empirical inverse SFD bearing model. This method is suitable for applications where there is no adequate linear connection between rotor and casing. Both inverse solutions are formulated using the Receptance Harmonic Balance Method (RHBM) as the underpinning theory. The first inverse solution uses the RHBM to generate the backwards operator, where a linear connection is required to guarantee an explicit inverse solution. A least-squares solution yields the equivalent unbalance distribution in prescribed planes of the rotor, which is consequently used to balance it. This method is successfully validated on distinct rotordynamic systems, using simulated data considering different practical scenarios of error sources, such as noisy data, model uncertainty and balancing errors. Focus is then shifted to the second inverse solution, which is experimentally-based. In contrast to the explicit inverse solution, the second alternative uses the inverse SFD model as an implicit inverse solution. Details of the SFD test rig and its set up for empirical identification are presented. The empirical RNN training process for the inverse function of an SFD is presented and validated as a part of a nonlinear inverse problem. Finally, it is proved that the RNN could thus serve as reliable virtual instrumentation for use within an inverse rotor-bearing problem.
Supervisor: Not available Sponsor: National Council of Science and Technology in México (CONACYT)
Qualification Name: Thesis (Ph.D.) Qualification Level: Doctoral
EThOS ID:  DOI: Not available
Keywords: Rotor balancing ; nonlinear vibration ; squeeze-film damper bearings ; inverse problems ; system identification ; neural networks