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Title: The application of multivariate statistical analysis and optimization to batch processes
Author: Yan, Lipeng
ISNI:       0000 0004 5357 8420
Awarding Body: University of Manchester
Current Institution: University of Manchester
Date of Award: 2015
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Multivariate statistical process control (MSPC) techniques play an important role in industrial batch process monitoring and control. This research illustrates the capabilities and limitations of existing MSPC technologies, with a particular focus on partial least squares (PLS).In modern industry, batch processes often operate over relatively large spaces, with many chemical and physical systems displaying nonlinear performance. However, the linear PLS model cannot predict nonlinear systems, and hence non-linear extensions to PLS may be required. The nonlinear PLS model can be divided into Type I and Type II nonlinear PLS models. In the Type I Nonlinear PLS method, the observed variables are appended with nonlinear transformations. In contrast to the Type I nonlinear PLS method, the Type II nonlinear PLS method assumes a nonlinear relationship within the latent variable structure of the model. Type I and Type II nonlinear multi-way PLS (MPLS) models were applied to predict the endpoint value of the product in a benchmark simulation of a penicillin batch fermentation process. By analysing and comparing linear MPLS, and Type I and Type II nonlinear MPLS models, the advantages and limitations of these methods were identified and summarized. Due to the limitations of Type I and II nonlinear PLS models, in this study, Neural Network PLS (NNPLS) was proposed and applied to predict the final product quality in the batch process. The application of the NNPLS method is presented with comparison to the linear PLS method, and to the Type I and Type II nonlinear PLS methods. Multi-way NNPLS was found to produce the most accurate results, having the added advantage that no a-priori information regarding the order of the dynamics was required. The NNPLS model was also able to identify nonlinear system dynamics in the batch process. Finally, NNPLS was applied to build the controller and the NNPLS method was combined with the endpoint control algorithm. The proposed controller was able to be used to keep the endpoint value of penicillin and biomass concentration at a set-point.
Supervisor: Not available Sponsor: Not available
Qualification Name: Thesis (Ph.D.) Qualification Level: Doctoral
EThOS ID:  DOI: Not available
Keywords: Multivariate statistical process control (MSPC) ; partial least squares (PLS) ; Nonlinear PLS ; Neural Network PLS ; Endpoint Controller based on NNPLS ; Nonlinear PLS Control