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Title: Seismic correction in the wavelet domain
Author: Chanerley, Andrew A.
ISNI:       0000 0004 5352 6364
Awarding Body: University of East London
Current Institution: University of East London
Date of Award: 2014
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This thesis summarises novel approaches and methods in the wavelet domain employed and published in the literature by the author for the correction and processing of time-series data from recorded seismic events, obtained from strong motion accelerographs. Historically, the research developed to first de-convolve the instrument response from legacy analogue strong-motion instruments, of which there are a large number. This was to make available better estimates of the acceleration ground motion before the more problematic part of the research that of obtaining ground velocities and displacements. The characteristics of legacy analogue strongmotion instruments are unfortunately in most cases not available, making it difficult to de-couple the instrument response. Essentially this is a system identification problem presented and summarised therein with solutions that are transparent to this lack of instrument data. This was followed by the more fundamental and problematic part of the research that of recovering the velocity and displacement from the recorded data. In all cases the instruments are tri-axial, i.e. translation only. This is a limiting factor and leads to distortions manifest by dc shifts in the recorded data as a consequence of the instrument pitching, rolling and yawing during seismic events. These distortions are embedded in the translation acceleration time–series, their contributions having been recorded by the same tri-axial sensors. In the literature this is termed ‘baseline error’ and it effectively prevents meaningful integration to velocity and displacement. Sophisticated methods do exist, which recover estimates of velocity and displacement, but these require a good measure of expertise and do not recover all the possible information from the recorded data. A novel, automated wavelet transform method developed by the author and published in the earthquake engineering literature is presented. This surmounts the problem of obtaining the velocity and displacement and in addition recovers both a low-frequency pulse called the ‘fling’, the displacement ‘fling-step’ and the form of the baseline error, both inferred in the literature, but hitherto never recovered. Once the acceleration fling pulse is recovered meaningful integration becomes a reality. However, the necessity of developing novel algorithms in order to recover important information emphasises the weakness of modern digital instruments in that they are all tri- rather than sextaxial instruments.
Supervisor: Not available Sponsor: Not available
Qualification Name: Thesis (Ph.D.) Qualification Level: Doctoral
EThOS ID:  DOI: Not available