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Title: Quantum control of donor spins in silicon and their environment
Author: Wolfowicz, Gary
ISNI:       0000 0004 5366 1603
Awarding Body: University of Oxford
Current Institution: University of Oxford
Date of Award: 2015
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Donors in silicon, which combine an electron and nuclear spin, are some of the most promising candidates for quantum information. The electron spin has been proposed as a register with fast manipulation and the nuclear spin as a memory with long coherence times. However, this division reduces the complexity of the donor system, in particular behaviors emerging from their interaction. In natural silicon, there is also the presence of 29Si nuclear spins in the donor environment; though they are generally seen as a source of decoherence, they are quantum systems that can be investigated too. The main subject of this thesis is the study of the interactions between these various spins, using different methods to probe and control them. I first concentrate on the coupling between the donor and the 29Si spins. This coupling can be perturbed by the application of dynamical decoupling on the donor electron spin, whose evolution can be made sensitive to the number of 29Si spins interacting together. I then propose an error correction scheme using the donor and 29Si spins, showing key requirements such as coherence times and methods for manipulation and initialization. Secondly, I focus on the donor itself, in a regime where the hyperfine and Zeeman couplings compete with each other. Here, the spin transitions can have different sensitivities to the magnetic environment, and can even be suppressed to first order, resulting in coherence times up to seconds with electron spin-like manipulation times. Controlling this sensitivity was also used to probe the effect of the donor on the 29Si spin bath evolution. Finally, I use electric fields to modulate the hyperfine coupling within the donor. I first characterize the spins’ sensitivity to the electric field, and then demonstrate electrical switching of the nuclear spin response to an external magnetic excitation.
Supervisor: Morton, John J. L.; Benjamin, Simon Sponsor: Engineering & Physical Sciences Research Council
Qualification Name: Thesis (Ph.D.) Qualification Level: Doctoral
EThOS ID:  DOI: Not available
Keywords: Quantum information processing ; Silicon ; Condensed Matter Physics ; Donors in silicon ; spins ; decoherence