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Title: Designing ionic-complementary hydrogels for bone tissue repair
Author: Castillo Diaz, Luis Alberto
ISNI:       0000 0004 5364 490X
Awarding Body: University of Manchester
Current Institution: University of Manchester
Date of Award: 2015
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In recent years, the degradation and subsequent loss of tissues is an issue that has affected people worldwide. Although there are treatments addressing the degradation of tissues, such treatments involve complicated and expensive procedures, where full tissue regeneration is not achieved. For these reasons, in recent years, tissue engineering has developed cutting-edge biomaterials capable of inducing effective tissue regeneration both under cellular or acellular conditions. Peptide hydrogels are versatile biomaterials composed of the basic components of life amino acids, which act as building blocks to form hierarchical structures, which subsequently go on to form well-defined scaffolds. Biomaterials have been widely used for the culture of mammalian cells, tissue engineering, regenerative medicine, drug delivery, etc. This is thanks to their capability of providing a three-dimensional architecture to cells, which mimics the natural architecture of the extracellular matrix (ECM). Peptide- based hydrogels can be easily functionalised with active biological cues, which can direct the cellular response. It has been shown that the ionic-complementary FEFEFKFK hydrogel, succeeded to support the culture of mammalian cells such as bovine chondrocytes. In this work, we used the same FEFEFKFK hydrogel to investigate the capability of this hydrogel to support the three-dimensional culture of both human osteoblasts (hOBs), and human mesenchymal stem cells (hMSCs) for bone regeneration applications. To achieve this goal, hOBs were cultured within both FEFEFKFK (non-functionalised) and RGD-FEFEFKFK (functionalised) gels. Then the suitability of the FEFEFKFK gels to induce cellular proliferation, synthesis of bone ECM and mineralisation was explored. In addition, taking advantage of the inherent plasticity of hMSCs, we also investigated the capability of the FEFEFKFK gel to foster the osteogenic differentiation of hMSCs, and subsequently to induce bone mineralisation in 3-D under osteogenic stimulation. Based on the results obtained in this work, the FEFEFKFK gel arises as a promising biomaterial for both bone and dental tissue regeneration applications.
Supervisor: Not available Sponsor: CONACYT, Mexico
Qualification Name: Thesis (Ph.D.) Qualification Level: Doctoral
EThOS ID:  DOI: Not available
Keywords: Peptide hydrogels ; Bone regeneration ; Three-dimensional cell culture ; Stem cell differentiation ; Tissue engineering ; Regenerative medicine