Use this URL to cite or link to this record in EThOS: http://ethos.bl.uk/OrderDetails.do?uin=uk.bl.ethos.664563
Title: Photosynthetic acclimation to lower light intensity in Arabidopsis thaliana
Author: Paee, Furzani
ISNI:       0000 0004 5364 1928
Awarding Body: University of Manchester
Current Institution: University of Manchester
Date of Award: 2015
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Abstract:
Photoacclimation is a process by which photosynthetic capacity is regulated in response to environmental adjustments in terms of light regime. Photoacclimation is essential in determining the photosynthetic capacity to optimize light use and to avoid potentially damaging effects. Previous work in our laboratory has identified a gene, gpt2 (At1g61800) that is essential for plants to acclimate to an increase in growth irradiance. Furthermore, we observed that the accession Columbia-0 (Col-0) is unable to respond to increases in light. Therefore, a Quantitative Trait Locus (QTL) mapping analysis was performed in Landsberg erecta (Ler)/Columbia (Col) recombinant inbred line population to identify novel genes responsible for this variation to acclimation. In order to investigate the photoacclimation in Arabidopsis thaliana, photosynthetic capacity was measured in plants of the accession Wassileskija (WS) and in plants lacking expression of the gene At1g61800 (WS-gpt2) during acclimation from high to low light. Plants were grown for 6 weeks under high light (400 μmol.m-2.s-1) and half of them were transferred to low light (100 μmol.m-2.s-1) after six weeks. Gas exchange measurements were performed in order to measure the maximum capacity for photosynthesis. Acclimation to a decrease in light resulted in a decrease in the photosynthetic capacity in WS and WS-gpt2 plants. This shows that under lower or limiting light, photosynthesis was slowed down. Chlorophyll fluorescence analysis was carried out to measure changes in the quantum efficiency of PSII (ΦPSII) and non-photochemical quenching (NPQ) during acclimation. ΦPSII decreased in both WS and WS-gpt2 plants showing that under low light, PSII is more saturated. However, it was found that there was no significant changes in NPQ level for both WS and WS-gpt2. To estimate the total chlorophyll and chl a/b ratio, a chlorophyll composition analysis was performed. There was no significant changes in the total chlorophyll for both WS and WS-gpt2. However, the chlorophyll a/b ratio was seen to be decreased in low light plants representing an increase in light harvesting complexes relative to reaction centre core. Plants of WS and WS-gpt2 were also grown under natural variable light in an unheated greenhouse in Manchester, UK. This experiment was carried out to study the photosynthetic acclimation of plants under fluctuating light condition. A preliminary work on gene expression of gpt2 was conducted by doing reverse transcriptase PCR (RT-PCR). It shows that the gene expression of gpt2 decreased following transfer to low light plants in WS. Microarray analysis was also performed to investigate the role of GPT2 (if any) and to identify any potential gene that is important in high to low light acclimation.
Supervisor: Not available Sponsor: Majlis Amanah Rakyat (MARA)
Qualification Name: Thesis (Ph.D.) Qualification Level: Doctoral
EThOS ID: uk.bl.ethos.664563  DOI: Not available
Keywords: Acclimation ; Photosynthesis ; GPT2 ; Arabidopsis ; Photoacclimation
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