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Title: The experience of anxiety in adolescents with Autism Spectrum Disorder
Author: Kornecki, Pasquale
ISNI:       0000 0004 5363 9246
Awarding Body: Prifysgol Bangor University
Current Institution: Bangor University
Date of Award: 2014
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This thesis is comprised of three pieces of work focusing on, anxiety in children and adolescents with Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD). The first is an original piece of qualitative research, investigating the lived experience of anxiety in adolescents with ASD. Interpretative Phenomenological Analysis (IPA) revealed three main themes; "the impact of anxiety", "managing anxiety" and "navigating relationships". Participants reported core features of ASD both causing anxiety and protecting against it, highlighting the complex interplay between the two. This led to the development of the literature review, which explored the overlap between ASD and Obsessive Compulsive Disorder (OCD). This review had three aims. Firstly, to outline key similarities and differences between ASD and OCD in youth. Secondly, evaluating the use of OCD-specific assessment for youth with ASD. Finally, OCD-specific treatment for youth with comorbid ASD and QCD and was reviewed. 15 studies were included in the review. The results suggested key differences between ASD and QCD, for example in the overall number and type of obsessions and compulsions reported. In addition key differences in the function of behaviour, with obsessions viewed as intrusive in OCD and repetitive behaviour viewed as pleasure-seeking in ASD, were identified. Both the empirical paper and the literature review highlighted parents were crucial in supporting the young person with anxiety. This was also The Experience of Anxiety in Adolescents with Autism Spectrum Disorder 8 highlighted as a potential implication for clinical practice, in relation to post-diagnostic work and as an emphasis within treatment. The final discussion paper explored current guidance for clinicians on the facilitation of post-diagnostic support and proposed suggestions for development in this area. In addition suggestions were made for clinicians to conduct thorough and comprehensive assessments for anxiety, alongside ASD, to prevent comorbid anxiety disorders being misdiagnosed. To conclude my personal reflections on completing this research project are discussed.
Supervisor: Not available Sponsor: Not available
Qualification Name: Thesis (Ph.D.) Qualification Level: Doctoral
EThOS ID:  DOI: Not available