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Title: Xenotransplantation 'politics' from the perspective of lay publics in Ireland
Author: Davies, Carmel
Awarding Body: Lancaster University
Current Institution: Lancaster University
Date of Award: 2012
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Xenotransplantation centres on the potential of transgenic animal tissues for a range of transplant therapies in the treatment of human pathologies. This thesis focuses on the sociocultural and political aspects of this technology and takes account of its transgressive and hybrid nature and the way it destabilises the human/animal, science/politics boundary. Following a critical Public Understanding of Science (cPUS) approach, a qualitative dialogue on xenotransplantation was conducted with the lay publics in Ireland. This thesis presents their account of xenotransplantation 'politics' and focuses particular attention on the social cultural, moral and political dimensions shaping their perspectives. A moral economy around xenotransplantation was shown to be taking place, formed by prevailing concerns with human bodily ageing, illness and death and in a desire to reproduce human life and the enhancement of health. Promissory expectations were also directed at the potential of xenotransplantation to overcome the emotional challenges associated with human tissue exchange and in the provision of a more scientific and commercially driven transplant service. Anthropocentric relations with animals, transplantation politics and hope were all central elements driving the innovation pathway of mobilising consumer markets and animals as new forms of tissue capital. Within the emerging moral economy were also several sites of tension around the threat of human-animal transgression and hybridity, which exposed a more contested subjective investment in animal transplantation. This thesis presents the salient theoretical and professional debates around the transformations and their implications taking place in human bodily relations, health, human-animal relations and cultural transplant politics. RecOlmnendations for how these issues might be accounted for in future bio-ethical governance and policy debates are outlined, together with a consideration of how greater sustainability might be fostered in human transplantation. Some political recommendations are also directed at revitalising scientific governance in Ireland
Supervisor: Not available Sponsor: Not available
Qualification Name: Thesis (Ph.D.) Qualification Level: Doctoral
EThOS ID:  DOI: Not available