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Title: Young people and careers : a comparative study of school careers guidance in Shanghai and Edinburgh
Author: Zhang, Weiyuan
Awarding Body: University of Edinburgh
Current Institution: University of Edinburgh
Date of Award: 1996
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This study involved 1068 pupils in seven selected secondary schools, 48 guidance teachers and careers officers in Shanghai and Edinburgh. It employed the research methods of questionnaire survey, unstructured interviews, and observation. The purpose of this study was to examine careers guidance through comparative studies in Shanghai and Edinburgh. Points of comparison between the two cities include criteria for choosing a career, occupational preferences, people who influence pupils' choice of careers, variables that influence pupils' higher education and job expectations, and the changing process of pupils' occupational aims during their secondary school years. Results demonstrate that pupils' careers development is influenced by their personal psychological development (interests and abilities), by the culture of the school, by their school academic achievements, by their family, by the prevailing political, economic and cultural climate, by public opinion and by the labour market. None of the existing careers guidance models sufficiently encompasses all these important factors. Therefore, although some aspects of each of the careers guidance models appear to be relevant to the situation in Shanghai and Edinburgh, no one single model adequately informs careers guidance in either country. The survey also examined pupils' careers guidance needs and the main careers guidance methods. The results show that careers guidance is a high priority amongst pupils in Shanghai and Edinburgh. It is hoped that this study might help schools in Shanghai and Edinburgh to improve upon existing careers guidance practice.
Supervisor: Not available Sponsor: Not available
Qualification Name: Thesis (Ph.D.) Qualification Level: Doctoral
EThOS ID:  DOI: Not available