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Title: Reconfigurable architectures for beyond 3G wireless communication systems
Author: Zhan, Cheng
Awarding Body: University of Edinburgh
Current Institution: University of Edinburgh
Date of Award: 2007
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Market requirements always influence the semiconductor industry. The coexistence of multiple standards, which exhibit distinct mobility and data rates, makes that a flexible convergence of current wireless standards and services is expected from beyond 3G systems. However, this trend needs a strong demand for underlying hardware architectures to achieve unprecedented performance, flexibility, low power consumption and time-to-market requirements. Since forward error correction algorithms demand the most computational cost of the whole physical layer system, this thesis employs two forward error correction cases, Viterbi decoder and double binary circular Turbo decoder, to investigate three potential reconfigurable hardware architectures for beyond 3G wireless communication system. Firstly, a domain specific reconfigurable Viterbi decoder fabric is introduced, which can support multiple Viterbi decoders with different constraint lengths and code rates. In addition, it also provides near ASIC performance in terms of power consumption and area. In order to further reduce the design and verification cost of this domain specific reconfigurable design, Chapter 4 presents another reconfigurable architecture which can be automatically generated and programmed by its associated CAD framework. Composed of heterogeneous coarse-grained processing units and a 2-D interconnection mesh, this reconfigurable architecture demonstrates significant power and area savings as compared with commercial FPGAs, RICA, reconfigurable instruction cell array, which is a dynamic reconfigurable architecture programmed by ANSI C, has been developed as a feasible solution for future wireless and multimedia applications. In Chapter 5, several advanced optimization approaches are proposed to efficiently implement the Viterbi decoder on RICA architecture. Furthermore, Chapter 6 and Chapter 7 demonstrate the implementation of a more complex application, double binary circular Turbo decoder. In Chapter 6, a system model is built to investigate the suitable decoding algorithm which can balance the decoding throughput and performance degradation. On the other hand, appropriate quantization scheme for the decoding implementation is devised based on a bit-true model. Finally, an optimized double binary circular Turbo decoder which can provide scalable decoding throughput is demonstrated on the RICA architecture.
Supervisor: Not available Sponsor: Not available
Qualification Name: Thesis (Ph.D.) Qualification Level: Doctoral
EThOS ID:  DOI: Not available