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Title: The economic, social and geographical aspects of rural tradespeople in Scotland, with specific reference to Lowland Perthshire, c.1750-c.1950
Author: Young, Craig
Awarding Body: University of Edinburgh
Current Institution: University of Edinburgh
Date of Award: 1991
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This thesis investigates the economic and social geography of small scale craft producers and production in the context of a rural area of Lowland Scotland. The study area and time period chosen were Lowland Perthshire, c.1750-c.1950. Chapter One presents a summary of evidence which points to the likely importance of the trades in rural Scotland in an historical context. This chapter also outlines the main features of the study area. Chapter Two details the methodological considerations necessary for this study, assesses the sources used, and describes the methods adopted. In Chapters Three and Four the importance of the trades in long term change in the countryside is illustrated. Chapter Three focusses on the period of the agricultural Improvements, c.1750-c.1849., and examines both the effects of change on the craft sector and the tradespeople, and also assesses the role of the tradespeople as agents of change. Chapter Four develops a picture of the form of craft production in the nineteenth century, and focusses on the economic aspects. A quantitative analysis of changing numbers in the craft sector is also presented for 1861-1940. The economic theme is continued in Chapter Five which focusses on the involvement of the small scale producers in the credit system. The importance of credit in production is considered, as is the spatial availability of credit and how this varied over time. Chapter Six turns the focus of attention to the social characteristics of the trades by examining the role of the family in small scale production. In addition, features such as family size, structure and the occupations of family members are discussed. Social characteristics are further examined in Chapter Seven. While the small master tradespeople can be assigned as part of a petite bourgeoisie group in structural terms, it is necessary to assess whether such a class can be isolated on the grounds of social relationships and values. Features such as servant holding, the social relations of the credit system, formal organisation among masters and operatives, and local politics are examined to this end. In the conclusion, Chapter Eight, the main points of the thesis are summarised. It is concluded that the tradespeople formed an important socio-economic group.
Supervisor: Not available Sponsor: Not available
Qualification Name: Thesis (Ph.D.) Qualification Level: Doctoral
EThOS ID:  DOI: Not available