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Title: 'The forest cooks and the people eat' : nature and society in Mayurbhanj, Orissa
Author: Ylönen, Hannele
Awarding Body: University of Edinburgh
Current Institution: University of Edinburgh
Date of Award: 2000
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I investigate the range of different agents’ explicit and implicit views about the forest and forest practices to see what makes the forest such an important resource in Mayurbhanj District in Orissa, India. There are two main lines of inquiry in this dissertation. I examine the social construction of forest practices and livelihoods in relation to sustainability, and how nature-culture, forest-village, object-subject, other-self and local knowledge-Western scientific knowledge are constructed, accounted for and represented. I analyse the junglewala’s (forest-dwellers’) and foresters’ views of forest practices and each other. I begin with concrete, material forest practices, and gradually move towards analysing their conceptual forms. The main questions of the dissertation investigates are why and how many state forest practices have been so detrimental to the junglewala’s livelihood sustainability despite over a century of declared attempts in Mayurbhanj. To do this I investigate several counterpositions: conflicts and trade-offs between different forest uses, and mismatches of worldviews and cosmovision models. In order to answer these questions and to understand these counterpositions, I investigate villagers’ and state forest practices, forest knowledges, and make a symbolic interpretation of worldviews and cosmovision models, which consist of natural, human and cosmic spheres. I examine what forest practices mean in Mayurbhanj with a three-pronged approach combining actor-oriented, case-study and symbolic approaches.
Supervisor: Not available Sponsor: Not available
Qualification Name: Thesis (Ph.D.) Qualification Level: Doctoral
EThOS ID:  DOI: Not available