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Title: The effect of coping strategy and locus of control on perception of pain and perceived health in children with juvenile chronic arthritis
Author: Wyness, Ion James
Awarding Body: University of Edinburgh
Current Institution: University of Edinburgh
Date of Award: 1998
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Juvenile Chronic Arthritis is a chronic, persistent condition which affects approximately 1 in 1000 children in the United Kingdom. Whilst the range of chronic illnesses is vast, it is generally assumed that all types carry a substantial risk of a child's physical and emotional growth and development. Recent research has begun to report findings which contradict the notion that a child with a chronic condition is inevitably going to show maladaptive behaviour and functioning. A new approach has begun to emphasise the role of children's coping and the concept of individual competence. Theories of chronic childhood illness have been proposed which have emphasised the importance of integrating research with ideas from general developmental psychology. This shift in emphasis forms the basis of this research. The present study focuses on the experience of pain in children with Juvenile Chronic Arthritis. In particular, the study examines how children's coping strategies (Kidcope) and health beliefs (Children's Health Locus of Control Scale) affect their level of reported pain (Varni-Thomson Paediatric Pain Questionnaire), as well as their feelings of anxiety (Revised- Childhood Manifest Anxiety Scale), self-esteem (Harter Self-Esteem Inventory) and depression (Childhood Depression Inventory). Children were recruited between the ages of seven and 14, from the Paediatric Rheumatology Clinic at the Royal Hospital for Sick Children. Each child completed the above assessment measures whilst attending the interview. Results are discussed in relation to the planning of psychological interventions with children and families who are experiencing difficulties in coping with Juvenile Chronic Arthritis. In addition, methodological issues and implications for future research are presented.
Supervisor: Not available Sponsor: Not available
Qualification Name: Thesis (D.Clin.Psy.) Qualification Level: Doctoral
EThOS ID:  DOI: Not available