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Title: Industrial and commercial efficiency : the role, reform, and development of Scottish technical and commercial education, 1895-1914
Author: Velek, Thomas G.
Awarding Body: University of Edinburgh
Current Institution: University of Edinburgh
Date of Award: 1996
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The focus of this work is the response and role of the Scotch Education Department in this restructuring and reorientating of education in Scotland. The work concentrates on two areas of education: technical and commercial education. Terminology is expanded to include the SED's overall policies toward what it considered the country's "commercial and industrial classes". However, the work does not analyse elementary education. Chapter One puts the questions into a historical context. It looks at the question of efficiency in education to meet the needs of a changing nation, international competition, and a variety of perceived inadequacies in the education system of Scotland. Larger issues of SED policy such as 'system building', raising levels of attendance, the introduction of certificates, and legislation are surveyed in Chapter Two. Even here the focus remains on related areas such as the Higher Grade Schools and Supplementary Courses which were meant to widen the educational scope of the class under discussion. In contrast, those issues of education that primarily related to university bound students, or those seeking a career in one of the old professions are omitted. Chapters Three and Four provide a wide analysis of the issues surrounding commercial and technical education in Scotland. Once again the focus is on SED policy and involvement. Therefore, the introduction and eventual failure of Leaving Certificates in Commercial and Technical studies receive primary attention. Other issues such as the development, or lack thereof, in non-state schools is not covered. In both cases the wider debate and environment that effected commercial and technical studies is discussed in an effort to put SED policy in perspective. Chapter Five examines continuation education, and the problems of creating a truly national system up until the monumental Educational (Scotland) Act of 1908. Chapter Six analyses the provisions of the Act as they related to Continuation Classes, and then the impact the legislation had on the developing, and blossoming system of Continuation Classes. In the case of Continuation Classes the focus is on the role of the SED. However, though the SED was often the catalyst of change and provided direction, much of continuation education policy was left in the hands of individual school boards. This included compulsory attendance and the provision of trade classes. Therefore, where appropriate local examples are included.
Supervisor: Not available Sponsor: Not available
Qualification Name: Thesis (Ph.D.) Qualification Level: Doctoral
EThOS ID:  DOI: Not available