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Title: Charles Stuart and the transatlantic antislavery connection
Author: Van Dyke, D. A.
Awarding Body: University of Edinburgh
Current Institution: University of Edinburgh
Date of Award: 1998
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Abstract:
The nineteenth century antislavery campaign was significant not only because of the importance of the mission, but because it represented one of the first social movements to operate on an international scale. The abolitionists, reinforced with Enlightenment ideals such as the brotherhood of man, liberty, and equality, which dominated the political thought of the day, were concerned with people beyond their borders. They found an outlet for their beliefs in the antislavery movement. Lending support to the humanitarian beliefs of the abolitionists was the argument of Evangelical Christianity which professed unequivocally that slavery was a sin. These views were shared by both British and American abolitionists. Any study of the antislavery movement is a study of the individuals involved in the movement. This dissertation argues that among the more influential individuals in the transatlantic antislavery movement of the nineteenth century is a man named Charles Stuart. While he has remained a little known figure, his contributions to the cause of abolition are significant and noteworthy. As a retired military officer in the British Army, with a pension that enabled him to devote all his efforts to the cause of abolition, Stuart worked tirelessly, travelling frequently between Britain and the United States, bringing antislavery information to the attention of abolitionists on either side of the Atlantic. As a prolific writer of antislavery pamphlets and articles, as well as a relentless lecturer and campaigner, Charles Stuart played a key role in turning the tide of public opinion away from the Colonization movement which had been gaining momentum and which threatened to undermine legitimate antislavery efforts. Perhaps the most significant contribution made by Charles Stuart to the cause of abolition, however, is seen in his influence on a young Theodore Weld. Through the influence of Charles Stuart, Weld was converted to the cause of abolition and would choose to make abolition his life's vocation. Theodore Weld, largely through his relationship with Charles Stuart, would become one of the most influential American abolitionists.
Supervisor: Not available Sponsor: Not available
Qualification Name: Thesis (Ph.D.) Qualification Level: Doctoral
EThOS ID: uk.bl.ethos.663180  DOI: Not available
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