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Title: Nature and essence in Aristotle's logical and biological works
Author: Stavrianeas, Stasinos V.
Awarding Body: University of Edinburgh
Current Institution: University of Edinburgh
Date of Award: 2005
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Aristotle holds that source of the predicates that are true of a subject, dignify what the subject is. The definition that states what a subject is, is composed out of such predicates, and signifies the essence or nature of a subject. I examine the ground for distinguishing these predicates in Aristotle’s works and I focus on the case of living kinds. In the first part I consider Aristotle’s logical works, where the distinction rests in priority relations that relate to explanatory considerations. Given the subjects of a domain or genus studied by a science, the predicates that are explanatorily more basic form the essences of these subjects. The aim of scientific understanding is to study the explanatory patterns within a genus; patterns that will be different in different sciences. In the case of the subject-genus of biology the relevant patterns are determined by teleological considerations. In the second part, I consider Aristotle’s views on teleological explanation in biology, and in particular what forms the basis of these explanations, thus determining the order of priorities with respect to the mixture or essence of the subjects studied in biology.
Supervisor: Not available Sponsor: Not available
Qualification Name: Thesis (Ph.D.) Qualification Level: Doctoral
EThOS ID:  DOI: Not available