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Title: Taxonomy and evolution in Bupleurum L. (Umbelliferae) in the W. Mediterranean and Macaronesia
Author: Neves, Susana S.
Awarding Body: University of Edinburgh
Current Institution: University of Edinburgh
Date of Award: 2000
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To ascertain phylogenetic relationships in the genus, the ITS region (internal transcribed spacers) of 18-26S nuclear ribosomal DNA repeat was sequenced for 32 species (35 taxa) of Bupleurum (31 species sequenced for the first time). Sequences were obtained from all the species of the area study, with the exception of two (one a doubtful taxon). Taxa from all the currently most generally accepted sections (Bupleurum, Reticulata, Diaphyllum, Isophyllum and Tenoria) and subsections of the genus were included. As an outgroup, sequences of two species of another basal genus of Apioideae, Anginon Raf., were also obtained. In total 68 samples were sequenced which allowed confirmation of sequence by replication for several of the taxa, and provided information on the number of nucleotide changes found within taxon. A phylogeny derived from cladistic analysis of the aligned ITS sequences clearly shows the division of the genus in two main clades (100% supported in the strict consensus tree). This division is supported also by the analysis of the 5.8S sequence alone (conserved gene between ITS1 and ITS2). Based on these results, which are almost completely supported by morphological characters, two new subgenera are proposed: Bupleurum and Penninervia comb. nov. The proposed new subgenus Penninervia, a more basal group, includes all pinnate-reticulate veined species of the genus (B. angulosum L., B. foliosum Salzm. ex DC., B. fruticosum L., B. gibraltarium Lam. and B. stellatum L.), and also B. rigidum that has itself a unique type of venation. The association of these species has never been proposed before (not even the pinnate-reticulate species alone). Subgenus Bupleurum, as defined here, includes all the taxa with typical parallel-veined leaves, and represents the vast majority of the species of the genus. The groups presented within each subgenus are informally treated as neither morphological or sequence data are conclusive and therefore no formal rank is attributed. Final cladistic analysis including sequences from 4 other basal Apioideae genera (outgroup: Anginon, Heteromorpha Cham. and Schltdl., Pleurospermum Hoffm. and Physospermum Cusson ex Jussieu), confirms Bupleurum as a monophyletic group. In this analysis, Heteromorpha appears as the closest genus, with Anginon being the most divergent.
Supervisor: Not available Sponsor: Not available
Qualification Name: Thesis (Ph.D.) Qualification Level: Doctoral
EThOS ID:  DOI: Not available