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Title: A retrospective evaluation of a nursing research and development programme in Finland
Author: Sorvettula, Maija
Awarding Body: University of Edinburgh
Current Institution: University of Edinburgh
Date of Award: 1990
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A Nursing Research and Development Programme was implemented in Finland in the years 1977-1983 as a part of the WHO Medium-Term Programme in Nursing/Midwifery in Europe. The purpose of the Nursing Programme was to develop health services through the development of nursing. The Programme was carried out under the auspices of the government authorities. The settings of research and development were health centres, hospitals and schools for health personnel. The Programme had key characteristics: (1) it integrated international and national discussion in nursing; (2) professional aspirations of nurses were confronted with the social realities; and (3) it provided the opportunity for simultaneous analysis of essential elements in nursing practice, education, research and administration. A retrospective evaluation was conducted to investigate: (1) the organizational characteristics of the Nursing Programme and how the organization supported the process of research and development; and (2) how nursing developed during the Programme and how the stated objectives of the Programme related to the actual outcomes. The study had two integrated components, namely the overall organization of the Programme and nursing as promoted through the Programme. Consequently, two conceptual perspectives and two evaluative perspectives were adopted for the study. The organization was analysed using four organizational metaphors: organization as a machine, as an organism, as a brain, and as political system. The evaluation strategy was composed of various models for programme evaluation. Nursing was analysed by employing the metaparadigm concepts man, environment, health, and nursing action, and evaluation was based on structure, process and outcome evaluation. The archive of the Programme provided the major part of the data for the study. The following categories of material were employed: minutes, memoranda, plans, progress reports, educational material, letters, final reports, accounts, test nursing care plans, and patient/client questionnaires. In addition to the Programme archive, other archival sources and published material were used. The study was descriptive in nature and utilized qualitative methods, including content analysis for conceptual clarification and interviews in addition to analysis of multiple data sources.
Supervisor: Not available Sponsor: Not available
Qualification Name: Thesis (Ph.D.) Qualification Level: Doctoral
EThOS ID:  DOI: Not available