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Title: Sleep-disordered breathing and chronic heart failure
Author: Smith, Lindsay Anne
Awarding Body: University of Edinburgh
Current Institution: University of Edinburgh
Date of Award: 2009
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Methods: Patients with stable symptomatic chronic heart failure were screened for sleep-disordered breathing by home sleep study. Daytime sleepiness was assessed by Epworth Sleepiness Scale and heart failure severity by symptom class, left ventricular ejection fraction and serum N-terminal pro-brain natriuretic peptide concentrations. In a subset of patients, synchronous in-laboratory limited sleep studies and polysomonography, and home limited sleep studies, were performed prospectively. Patients with obstructive sleep apnoea and stable symptomatic chronic heart failure were randomised to nocturnal auto-titrating continuous positive airway pressure or sham for six weeks each in crossover design. Results: In the era of modern therapy, sleep-disordered breathing is common in patients with stable symptomatic chronic heart failure, predominantly obstructive in aetiology, without clear relationship to heart failure severity and is difficult to diagnose because of major overlap in symptomatology. Limited sleep studies compare well diagnostically to polysomnography when tested under identical patient and environmental conditions but less so when tested in the home setting. Auto-titrating continuous positive airway pressure improves daytime sleepiness is patients with obstructive sleep apnoea and chronic heart failure but not other subjective or objective measures of heart failure severity. Conclusions: Sleep-disordered breathing is difficult to detect clinically in patients with chronic heart failure, and as such, the diagnosis is reliant on accurate sleep studies. However, the clinical utility of limited sleep studies in detection and diagnosis of sleep-disordered breathing is restricted by a number of technical and situational factors which are exacerbated in patients with chronic heart failure. The potential therapeutic benefits of continuous positive airway pressure in patients with obstructive sleep apnoea and chronic heart failure are achieved by alleviation of obstructive sleep apnoea rather than by improvement in cardiac function.
Supervisor: Not available Sponsor: Not available
Qualification Name: Thesis (M.D.) Qualification Level: Doctoral
EThOS ID:  DOI: Not available