Use this URL to cite or link to this record in EThOS: http://ethos.bl.uk/OrderDetails.do?uin=uk.bl.ethos.662146
Title: Sheet resistance and electrical linewidth test structures for semiconductor process characterisation
Author: Smith, Stewart
Awarding Body: University of Edinburgh
Current Institution: University of Edinburgh
Date of Award: 2002
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Abstract:
The thesis first examines the use of the cross-bridge electrical linewidth structure to measure the sheet resistance and critical dimensions of copper damascene interconnect. This was achieved through computer simulation of current flow in the structures and served to highlight the effects of the damascene process on the measurement. As a result layout design rules have been defined which minimise the errors introduced by diffusion barrier layers and dishing. Mono-crystalline silicon linewidth structures are being developed to meet the requirements for traceable metrology standards. The proposed test structures are fabricated using a wet etch process and have unusual geometries which affect their operation. Computer simulation has shown that the effects of surface interface charge and substrate biasing are the key issues that need to be addressed for accurate extraction of sheet resistance. This work has identified that increased doping of the silicon starting material reduces these effects. The use of on-mask electrical linewidth structures for alternating aperture phase shifting mask metrology has been investigated. The results compare very favourably, in terms of repeatability, with those obtained using the more common CD-SEM technique. Photolithographic simulation of submicron test structure layouts has been used to investigate the effects of applying optical proximity correction to cross-bridge linewidth structures. The effects of severe asymmetries on the Greek cross sheet resistance structure have also been examined. Finally the thesis presents examples of process characterisation using resistive test structures. In the first of these examples cross-bridge linewidth structures are used to quantify the effects of a bulk silicon, wet etch solution, which was designed to passivate metal interconnect, on the dimensions of aluminium tracks. This is followed by an investigation of the use of novel sheet resistance test structures to characterise the deposition of platinum in a focused ion beam system. The platinum sheet resistance has been characterised in terms of the main process parameters which facilitates the fabrication of resistive elements of a known value.
Supervisor: Not available Sponsor: Not available
Qualification Name: Thesis (Ph.D.) Qualification Level: Doctoral
EThOS ID: uk.bl.ethos.662146  DOI: Not available
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