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Title: Prevalence of cardiovascular disease risk factors among Iranians in Edinburgh compared to Edinburgh White and Iranian general populations : findings of two systematic reviews and a pilot study
Author: Shaghaghi, Abdolreza
Awarding Body: University of Edinburgh
Current Institution: University of Edinburgh
Date of Award: 2009
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Two systematic reviews were conducted on recruitment methods in Iranian migrant studies and also on cardiovascular risk factor prevalence studies among Iranians in Iran and abroad. Identified articles from search of 9 databases were assessed for their quality. Based on the findings of these systematic reviews multi-method recruitment strategy was applied to recruit 72 Iranian migrants in Edinburgh into this pilot study. Meta-analysis was performed to calculate overall summary data from eligible studies. Obesity was seen among 22.4% (CI: 15.1-31.9%) of the women and 8.5% (CI: 4.8-14.4%) of the Iranian men in Iran. Self-reported smoking rate was prevalent among 1.7% (CI: 1.4-2.1%) of women and 23.4% (CI: 22.9-24%) of Iranian men in Iran while this rate for Iranian women abroad was 18.2% (CI: 13.9-23.3%). According to the study findings 8.2% (CI: 3.2-19.2%) of Iranian men and 21.7% (CI: 9.7-41.9%) of women in Edinburgh had moderate or vigorous physical activity level and 79.6% (CI: 66.4-88.5%) of the men and 60.9% (CI: 40.8-77.8%) of the women were overweight or obese. Self reported smoking rate was 30.6% (CI: 16.8-49.0%) among the Iranian men and 13.0% (CI: 3.4-39.3%) among the women. Having an abnormally low level of high density lipoprotein (HDL-C) was considerably more prevalent among Iranians in Edinburgh than the Edinburgh White population and prevalence rate ratio in the male and female subgroup was 3.5 (CI: 1.2, 11.6) and 9.9 (CI: 2.0, 95.8) respectively. Discussion: The systematic reviews indicated huge gaps in the evidence base regarding the health status of Iranian migrants. No reservation was found among Iranians to participate in a health study. The study results also revealed that Iranian migrants in Edinburgh are probably in added risk with regard to some of the CVD risk factors such as smoking and low physical activity level compared to Edinburgh’s White population.
Supervisor: Not available Sponsor: Not available
Qualification Name: Thesis (Ph.D.) Qualification Level: Doctoral
EThOS ID:  DOI: Not available