Use this URL to cite or link to this record in EThOS: http://ethos.bl.uk/OrderDetails.do?uin=uk.bl.ethos.661059
Title: Spatial population processes
Author: Renshaw, Eric
Awarding Body: University of Edinburgh
Current Institution: University of Edinburgh
Date of Award: 1976
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Abstract:
This thesis is a theoretical study of the effect of migration between colonies, each of which is developing according to a simple stochastic birth-death-immigration process. In Chapters 2 to 7 I investigate the probability structure of the two-colony process. The Kolmogorov forward differential equation for the population size probabilities is developed and from it expressions are derived for the first- and second-order moments. Exact solutions to this forward equation are obtained for three special cases and a recursive solution is developed in a fourth. Three approximate solutions are developed; (i) by modifying the birth mechanism, (ii) by fitting a bivariate negative binomial distribution, and (iii) by placing an upper bound on the total population size. Iterative solutions are then derived by the use of two different techniques. In the first a power series solution is obtained in terms of a common migration rate. In the second sequences of functions are generated which converge to the required solution. The investigation of the two-colony process concludes with a simulation study and an analysis of the probability of extinction. In Chapter 8 I introduce a 'stepping-stone' model in which the population is composed of an infinite number of colonies which may be considered to be situated at the integer points of a single co-ordinate axis. Migration is allowed between nearest-neighbours only. Although the Kolmogorov forward differential equation cannot be solved directly, approximate solutions are developed in an analogous manner to those derived for the two-colony process. First- and second-order moments are obtained and an exact stochastic solution is developed for one special case. If the population has a positive rate of growth and is initially concentrated into a relatively small geographic region, we may expect it to diffuse into the surrounding areas and eventually to take over the entire territory. This expanding population may be envisaged as generating a travelling wave and in Chapter 9 I investigate the velocity of propagation and the form of the wave profile. In Chapter 10 I examine non-nearest-neighbour migration models and develop expressions for the mean size of each colony at time t for several appropriate migration distributions. To conclude the thesis I present a spatial model in two-dimensions and relate it to data on the spatial distribution of flour beetles in a closed container.
Supervisor: Not available Sponsor: Not available
Qualification Name: Thesis (Ph.D.) Qualification Level: Doctoral
EThOS ID: uk.bl.ethos.661059  DOI: Not available
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