Use this URL to cite or link to this record in EThOS: http://ethos.bl.uk/OrderDetails.do?uin=uk.bl.ethos.660504
Title: Novel applications of transoesophageal echocardiography
Author: Pell, Alastair Charles Hamish
Awarding Body: University of Edinburgh
Current Institution: University of Edinburgh
Date of Award: 1996
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Abstract:
Transoesophageal echocardiography has become a widely used diagnostic imaging technique by virtue of its ability to yield high quality images of the heart and great vessels. This thesis is based on work performed between January 1991 and July 1992 during which novel applications of transoesophageal echocardiography were investigated in the intraoperative and critical care settings. The mechanism by which closed chest cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) generates forward blood flow has long been debated. Use of transoesophageal echocardiography allowed the physiology of CPR to be elucidated in 18 human subjects with cardiac arrest. These observations supported the cardiac pump theory of CPR and suggested that transoesophageal echocardiography might be utilised to monitor the efficacy of CPR. A preliminary investigation of CPR performed with the active compression-decompression device is described. The pathophysiology of the fat embolism syndrome (FES) is poorly understood. Transoesophageal echocardiography detected intraoperative fat embolism in 24 patients with traumatic injuries, three of whom subsequently developed clinical evidence of FES. Paradoxical embolism through a patent foramen ovale occurred in one subject with fulminating fat embolism. These results support the mechanical theory of the aetiology of fat emboli, and suggest that transoesophageal echocardiography might be used to identify patients at greatest risk of FES. The role of transoesophageal echocardiography in monitoring regional and global myocardial function was explored in a study of the cardioprotective properties of acadesine in patients undergoing coronary artery bypass surgery. No differences were observed between the acadesine and control groups in the incidence of new regional wall motion abnormalities or in changes in the areas ejection fraction. The strengths and limitations of transoesophageal echocardiography are discussed.
Supervisor: Not available Sponsor: Not available
Qualification Name: Thesis (M.D.) Qualification Level: Doctoral
EThOS ID: uk.bl.ethos.660504  DOI: Not available
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